Synodus jaculum, Lighthouse lizardfish : fisheries

Synodus jaculum Russell & Cressey, 1979

Lighthouse lizardfish
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Synodus jaculum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Synodus jaculum
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Aulopiformes (Grinners) > Synodontidae (Lizardfishes) > Synodontinae
Etymology: Synodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335);  jaculum: jaculum (neuter noun in apposition) from the Latin word for javelin, in reference to the peculiar behavior of this species of launching itself off the bottom and swimming in midwater for prolonged periods.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 2 - 100 m (Ref. 11228), usually - m (Ref. ).   熱帶; 0°C - ; 33°N - 32°S

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Line, Marquesan, and Society islands, north to the Izu Islands (Japan), south to New South Wales (Australia); Palau to Kosrae in Micronesia.
印度-太平洋: 東非到列島群島,馬貴斯群島與社會群島, 北至伊豆島 (日本), 南至新南威爾斯 (澳洲); 帛琉到密克羅尼西亞的科斯瑞島。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 2334); common length : 10.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3520)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 11-13; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 8 - 10. Body brownish above, with dark brown saddle blotches; fins transparent, with faint brown spots on dorsal and caudal rays (Ref. 11228). Prominent black blotch on its caudal peduncle (Ref. 1602).
身体上方褐色的, 有深褐色的斑块; 鳍透明, 在背鳍与尾鳍鳍条上有模糊的褐色斑点。 (参考文献 11228) 突出的黑色斑块在它的尾柄.(参考文献 1602)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits coral reefs. Commonly found on sand or rubble near coral heads. Feeds on shrimps and small fishes (Ref. 89972). Frequently caught with S. variegatus and S. englemani, using artisanal gear and trawls. Sold fresh and dried salted in markets. Solitary,in pairs or in small groups (Ref 90102).

栖息于珊瑚礁。 经常发现于在珊瑚顶部附近的沙子或碎石。 时常用 S. variegatus S. englemani 捕获了,使用渔民的专业网具与拖网。 生鲜贩卖与在市场中乾燥盐腌了。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-太平洋: 東非到列島群島,馬貴斯群島與社會群島, 北至伊豆島 (日本), 南至新南威爾斯 (澳洲); 帛琉到密克羅尼西亞的科斯瑞島。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Cressey, R.F. and R.S. Waples, 1984. Synodontidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Volume 4. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3520)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 124695)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 02 March 2015

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

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网络资源

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.5 - 29, mean 27.9 °C (based on 1488 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00213 - 0.00936), b=3.16 (2.99 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 90.8 [32.9, 219.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.731 [0.316, 1.444] mg/100g ; Protein = 15.8 [12.9, 18.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.0964 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 34.3 [13.8, 76.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 108 [25, 385] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.09 [0.55, 1.75] mg/100g (wet weight);