Istiophorus platypterus, Indo-Pacific sailfish : fisheries, gamefish
This page is sponsored by
FishBase Consortium Member

Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)

Indo-Pacific sailfish
添加你自己的观测位置在 Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Istiophorus platypterus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
上传你的 图片 和 影像
Pictures | Stamps, Coins Misc. | 谷歌图片
Image of Istiophorus platypterus (Indo-Pacific sailfish)
Istiophorus platypterus
Picture by University of Western Australia (UWA)

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Carangiformes (Jacks) > Istiophoridae (Billfishes)
Etymology: Istiophorus: Greek, istios = sail + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Shaw.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - 200 m (Ref. 54238), usually 30 - ? m (Ref. 9688).   亞熱帶的; 50°N - 43°S, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 43)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: tropical and temperate waters approximately 45°- 50°N and 40°-35°S in the western Pacific, 35°N and 35°S in the eastern Pacific; 45°S in western Indian Ocean and 35°S in eastern Indian Ocean. Entered Mediterranean Sea from Red sea via Suez Canal. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139). Some authors recognize a single worldwide species, Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw & Nodder 1792) but we follow Nakamura 1990 (Ref. 10820) retaining the usage of Istiophorus platypterus for the Indo-Pacific sailfish and Istiophorus albicans for the Atlantic sailfish in recognition of the differences between them.
印度洋與太平洋: 熱帶與溫帶水域大約 45個 °- 在西太平洋中的 50 ° N 與 40 °-35 °S, 在東太平洋中的 35 ° N 與 35個 °S; 在西印度洋與 35個 °S 中在東印度洋的 45個 °S。 進入了地中海從紅海經由蘇伊士運河。 高度遷移的種,1982年海事法會議的附件一.(參考文獻 26139) 一些作家承認一個全世界的種, 雨傘旗魚〔Istiophorus platypterus〕 (Shaw& Nodder 1792) 但是我們跟隨為印度-太平洋的旗魚保有 雨傘旗魚〔Istiophorus platypterus〕 的用法而且為在他們之間的不同的辨認的大西洋的旗魚保有 大西洋旗魚〔Istiophorus albicans〕 的 Nakamura 1990(參考文獻 10820)。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 150 cm
Max length : 348 cm FL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 40637); common length : 270 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9308); 最大体重: 100.2 kg (Ref. 40637); 最大年龄: 13 年 (Ref. 53742)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 47-53; 臀棘 2; 臀鳍软条: 12 - 15. This species is distinguished by the following characters: slender elongate and fairly compressed with a high, sail-like first dorsal fin; upper jaw prolonged into a very long beak, slender and round in cross-section; jaws and palatines with villiform teeth; no gill rakers; two dorsal fins, the first very large (42-49 rays) the second small (6-7 rays); pectoral fins 18-20 rays; pelvic fins I, 2 soft rays fused together, very long and narrow, depressible into a groove; caudal peduncle with double keels on each side; body covered with small, embedded scales with 1 or 2 blunt points. Colour of back dark with about 20 bluish vertical bars; belly pale silver; membrane of first dorsal fin blue- black with numerous dark spots; bases of first and second anal fins often tinged with silvery white; remaining fins blackish brown or dark blue (Ref. 43, 26938).
细长的身体与扁长形的; 上颌延长到一个非常长的喙内了; 二个背鳍, 第一个非常大的与尾部; 腹鳍狭窄的但是非常长的, 几乎达到肛门, 有一条硬棘与 2个鳍条; 身体覆盖着了小的, 埋入鳞片有 1 或 2 钝的点; 背面深色且有大约 20个蓝色的纵带; 腹面灰白的银色; 第一背鳍蓝色的薄膜黑色的有很多的深色斑点。 (参考文献 55763) 一个细长的青旗鱼具有一个高的, 帆状的第一背鳍.(参考文献 26938)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Oceanic and epipelagic species usually found above the thermocline. Most densely distributed in waters close to coasts and islands (Ref. 9688). Most likely schools by size. Undergoes spawning migrations in the Pacific. Feeds mainly on fishes, crustaceans and cephalopods. Caught mainly with longlines, set nets, and sometimes by trolling and harpooning from boats (Ref. 43). Utilized fresh, smoked and frozen; also used for sashimi and sushi; eaten broiled and baked (Ref. 9987).

大洋性的与表层鱼种通常发现于温水层上面。 非常密集地分布于沿岸与岛屿的邻近水域。 (参考文献 9688) 很有可能依大小形成鱼群。 在太平洋进行生殖回游。 (参考文献 43) 主要吃鱼,甲壳动物与头足类动物。 被烟熏而且冻结的生鲜使用; 也用来生鱼片与寿司; 吃火烤与烧烤的.(参考文献 9987)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Seems to spawn throughout the year in tropical and subtropical waters of the Pacific with peak spawning occurring in the respective local summer seasons. Spawning occurs with males and females swimming in pairs or with two or three males chasing a single female (probably a mating behavior). The ripe ovarian eggs are about 0.85 mm in diameter and have a single oil globule; there are no structures on the vitalize membrane and the egg is transparent. Eggs shed from captured female in the Indian Ocean averaged 1.304 mm in diameter.印度洋與太平洋: 熱帶與溫帶水域大約 45個 °- 在西太平洋中的 50 ° N 與 40 °-35 °S, 在東太平洋中的 35 ° N 與 35個 °S; 在西印度洋與 35個 °S 中在東印度洋的 45個 °S。 進入了地中海從紅海經由蘇伊士運河。 高度遷移的種,1982年海事法會議的附件一.(參考文獻 26139) 一些作家承認一個全世界的種, 雨傘旗魚〔Istiophorus platypterus〕 (Shaw& Nodder 1792) 但是我們跟隨為印度-太平洋的旗魚保有 雨傘旗魚〔Istiophorus platypterus〕 的用法而且為在他們之間的不同的辨認的大西洋的旗魚保有 大西洋旗魚〔Istiophorus albicans〕 的 Nakamura 1990(參考文獻 10820)。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Nakamura, I., 1985. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 5. Billfishes of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of marlins, sailfishes, spearfishes and swordfishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(5):65p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 43)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 September 2010

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO - 渔业: landings, 物种外形; Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

下载 XML

网络资源

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 18.2 - 27.7, mean 25.6 °C (based on 513 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7505   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00268 - 0.01234), b=3.14 (2.95 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (rm=0.11; K=0.4-0.8; tmax=13; Fec=>2M).
Prior r = 0.28, 95% CL = 0.16 - 0.49, Based on 3 stock assessments.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 26.4 [14.9, 49.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.08 [0.66, 1.68] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.9 [18.8, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.259 [0.148, 0.446] g/100g ; Selenium = 45.8 [23.9, 86.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 6.6 [2.3, 21.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.458 [0.321, 0.662] mg/100g (wet weight);