Istiophorus platypterus, Indo-Pacific sailfish : fisheries, gamefish
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Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)

Indo-Pacific sailfish
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Istiophorus platypterus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Istiophorus platypterus (Indo-Pacific sailfish)
Istiophorus platypterus
Picture by University of Western Australia (UWA)

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Carangiformes (Jacks) 鱸形目 (Jacks) > Istiophoridae (Billfishes) 旗魚科 (Billfishes)
Etymology: Istiophorus: Greek, istios = sail + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Shaw.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - 200 m (Ref. 54238), usually 30 - ? m (Ref. 9688).   亞熱帶的; 50°N - 43°S, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 43)

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Indo-Pacific: tropical and temperate waters approximately 45°- 50°N and 40°-35°S in the western Pacific, 35°N and 35°S in the eastern Pacific; 45°S in western Indian Ocean and 35°S in eastern Indian Ocean. Entered Mediterranean Sea from Red sea via Suez Canal. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139). Some authors recognize a single worldwide species, Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw & Nodder 1792) but we follow Nakamura 1990 (Ref. 10820) retaining the usage of Istiophorus platypterus for the Indo-Pacific sailfish and Istiophorus albicans for the Atlantic sailfish in recognition of the differences between them.
印度洋與太平洋: 熱帶與溫帶水域大約 45個 °- 在西太平洋中的 50 ° N 與 40 °-35 °S, 在東太平洋中的 35 ° N 與 35個 °S; 在西印度洋與 35個 °S 中在東印度洋的 45個 °S。 進入了地中海從紅海經由蘇伊士運河。 高度遷移的種,1982年海事法會議的附件一.(參考文獻 26139) 一些作家承認一個全世界的種, 雨傘旗魚〔Istiophorus platypterus〕 (Shaw& Nodder 1792) 但是我們跟隨為印度-太平洋的旗魚保有 雨傘旗魚〔Istiophorus platypterus〕 的用法而且為在他們之間的不同的辨認的大西洋的旗魚保有 大西洋旗魚〔Istiophorus albicans〕 的 Nakamura 1990(參考文獻 10820)。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 150 cm
Max length : 348 cm FL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 40637); common length : 270 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 9308); 最大體重: 100.2 kg (Ref. 40637); 最大年齡: 13 年 (Ref. 53742)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 背的軟條 (總數): 47-53; 臀棘 2; 臀鰭軟條: 12 - 15. This species is distinguished by the following characters: slender elongate and fairly compressed with a high, sail-like first dorsal fin; upper jaw prolonged into a very long beak, slender and round in cross-section; jaws and palatines with villiform teeth; no gill rakers; two dorsal fins, the first very large (42-49 rays) the second small (6-7 rays); pectoral fins 18-20 rays; pelvic fins I, 2 soft rays fused together, very long and narrow, depressible into a groove; caudal peduncle with double keels on each side; body covered with small, embedded scales with 1 or 2 blunt points. Colour of back dark with about 20 bluish vertical bars; belly pale silver; membrane of first dorsal fin blue- black with numerous dark spots; bases of first and second anal fins often tinged with silvery white; remaining fins blackish brown or dark blue (Ref. 43, 26938).
一個細長的青旗魚具有一個高的, 帆狀的第一背鰭.(參考文獻 26938)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Oceanic and epipelagic species usually found above the thermocline. Most densely distributed in waters close to coasts and islands (Ref. 9688). Most likely schools by size. Undergoes spawning migrations in the Pacific. Feeds mainly on fishes, crustaceans and cephalopods. Caught mainly with longlines, set nets, and sometimes by trolling and harpooning from boats (Ref. 43). Utilized fresh, smoked and frozen; also used for sashimi and sushi; eaten broiled and baked (Ref. 9987).

大洋性的與表層魚種通常發現於溫水層上面。 非常密集地分佈於沿岸與島嶼的鄰近水域。 (參考文獻 9688) 很有可能依大小形成魚群。 在太平洋進行生殖迴游。 (參考文獻 43) 主要吃魚,甲殼動物與頭足類動物。 被煙燻而且凍結的生鮮使用; 也用來生魚片與壽司; 吃火烤與燒烤的.(參考文獻 9987)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Seems to spawn throughout the year in tropical and subtropical waters of the Pacific with peak spawning occurring in the respective local summer seasons. Spawning occurs with males and females swimming in pairs or with two or three males chasing a single female (probably a mating behavior). The ripe ovarian eggs are about 0.85 mm in diameter and have a single oil globule; there are no structures on the vitalize membrane and the egg is transparent. Eggs shed from captured female in the Indian Ocean averaged 1.304 mm in diameter.印度洋與太平洋: 熱帶與溫帶水域大約 45個 °- 在西太平洋中的 50 ° N 與 40 °-35 °S, 在東太平洋中的 35 ° N 與 35個 °S; 在西印度洋與 35個 °S 中在東印度洋的 45個 °S。 進入了地中海從紅海經由蘇伊士運河。 高度遷移的種,1982年海事法會議的附件一.(參考文獻 26139) 一些作家承認一個全世界的種, 雨傘旗魚〔Istiophorus platypterus〕 (Shaw& Nodder 1792) 但是我們跟隨為印度-太平洋的旗魚保有 雨傘旗魚〔Istiophorus platypterus〕 的用法而且為在他們之間的不同的辨認的大西洋的旗魚保有 大西洋旗魚〔Istiophorus albicans〕 的 Nakamura 1990(參考文獻 10820)。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Nakamura, I., 1985. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 5. Billfishes of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of marlins, sailfishes, spearfishes and swordfishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(5):65p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 43)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 September 2010

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 商業性; 游釣魚種: 是的
FAO - 漁業: landings, 魚種描繪; Publication: search | FishSource | 周邊海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 18.2 - 27.7, mean 25.6 °C (based on 513 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7505   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00268 - 0.01234), b=3.14 (2.95 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增時間4.5 - 14 年 (rm=0.11; K=0.4-0.8; tmax=13; Fec=>2M).
Prior r = 0.28, 95% CL = 0.16 - 0.49, Based on 3 stock assessments.
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 26.4 [14.9, 49.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.08 [0.66, 1.68] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.9 [18.8, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.259 [0.148, 0.446] g/100g ; Selenium = 45.8 [23.9, 86.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 6.6 [2.3, 21.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.458 [0.321, 0.662] mg/100g (wet weight);