Nerophis lumbriciformis, Worm pipefish

Nerophis lumbriciformis (Jenyns, 1835)

Worm pipefish
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Nerophis lumbriciformis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Nerophis lumbriciformis
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Nerophinae
Etymology: Nerophis: Greek, neros, nearos = youhtfull appearance + Greek,ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Jenyns.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 居于水底的; 深度上下限 - 30 m (Ref. 6733), usually - m (Ref. ).   溫帶; 0°C - ; 63°N - 21°N, 18°W - 13°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: southern Norway, Kattegat and British Isles to Rio de Oro in Western Sahara.
東大西洋: 挪威南部, Kattegat 與不列顛群島到西撒哈拉的里奧德奧羅。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 6733); 17.0 cm TL (female)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

Pectoral and caudal fins absent. Anal opening below front end of the dorsal fin. With 17-19 body rings. The snout is short and bent upwards (Ref. 35388).
胸鳍与尾鳍鳍不存在。 在背鳍的前端之下的肛门孔。 藉由 17-19个体环。 吻部是短而且向上弯曲.(参考文献 35388)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Intertidal to about 30 m (Ref. 6733), among rocks or holdfasts and lower branches of algae (Ref. 4509). Spawn in the summer months. Become sexually mature at an age of 2 years. Feed on small crustaceans and fish fry (Ref. 35388). Larvae are attached to the ventral surface of the males (Ref. 42359). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). Parental care is exclusively paternal (Ref. 42359). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).

潮间带到大约 30 公尺 (参考文献 6733), 在岩石或钩子与藻类的矮支之中.(参考文献 4509) 产卵于夏天数个月中。 在一个 2 年的年龄时性成熟了。 捕食小型甲壳动物与鱼苗。 (参考文献 35388) 仔鱼被依附于雄性的腹面。 (参考文献 42359) 卵胎生的.(参考文献 205) 亲代养育是仅由雄性负责。 (参考文献 42359) 雄鱼带卵在一个孵卵袋是在尾部下面发现.(参考文献 205)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Males brood their offspring attached to their flattened ventral surface. All throughout the gestation period, parental care is strictly paternal. No further care is needed once the newborn juveniles become free-swimming (Ref. 42359). Sex roles are reversed in this species. The females are the courting sex and change color more intensely than the males (Ref. 42363). Unlike in other pipefishes, the courtship ritual takes place in close contact with the substratum which may characterise adaptation to typical intertidal conditions (Ref. 42363).東大西洋: 挪威南部, Kattegat 與不列顛群島到西撒哈拉的里奧德奧羅。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Dawson, C.E., 1990. Syngnathidae. p. 658-664. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4509)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 124695)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 July 2014

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | 公众的水族馆 | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9.4 - 16, mean 11 °C (based on 394 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00085 (0.00032 - 0.00227), b=3.03 (2.80 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.67 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tm=2).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .