Nerophis lumbriciformis, Worm pipefish

Nerophis lumbriciformis (Jenyns, 1835)

Worm pipefish
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Nerophis lumbriciformis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Nerophis lumbriciformis (Worm pipefish)
Nerophis lumbriciformis
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) 海龍目 (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) 海龍科 (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Nerophinae
Etymology: Nerophis: Greek, neros, nearos = youhtfull appearance + Greek,ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Jenyns.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 居於水底的; 深度上下限 - 30 m (Ref. 6733), usually - m (Ref. ).   溫帶; 0°C - ; 63°N - 21°N, 18°W - 13°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: southern Norway, Kattegat and British Isles to Rio de Oro in Western Sahara.
東大西洋: 挪威南部, Kattegat 與不列顛群島到西撒哈拉的里奧德奧羅。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 6733); 17.0 cm TL (female)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

Pectoral and caudal fins absent. Anal opening below front end of the dorsal fin. With 17-19 body rings. The snout is short and bent upwards (Ref. 35388).
胸鰭與尾鰭鰭不存在。 在背鰭的前端之下的肛門孔。 藉由 17-19個體環。 吻部是短而且向上彎曲.(參考文獻 35388)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Intertidal to about 30 m (Ref. 6733), among rocks or holdfasts and lower branches of algae (Ref. 4509). Spawn in the summer months. Become sexually mature at an age of 2 years. Feed on small crustaceans and fish fry (Ref. 35388). Larvae are attached to the ventral surface of the males (Ref. 42359). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). Parental care is exclusively paternal (Ref. 42359). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).

潮間帶到大約 30 公尺 (參考文獻 6733), 在岩石或鉤子與藻類的矮支之中.(參考文獻 4509) 產卵於夏天數個月中。 在一個 2 年的年齡時性成熟了。 捕食小型甲殼動物與魚苗。 (參考文獻 35388) 仔魚被依附於雄性的腹面。 (參考文獻 42359) 卵胎生的.(參考文獻 205) 親代養育是僅由雄性負責。 (參考文獻 42359) 雄魚帶卵在一個孵卵袋是在尾部下面發現.(參考文獻 205)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Males brood their offspring attached to their flattened ventral surface. All throughout the gestation period, parental care is strictly paternal. No further care is needed once the newborn juveniles become free-swimming (Ref. 42359). Sex roles are reversed in this species. The females are the courting sex and change color more intensely than the males (Ref. 42363). Unlike in other pipefishes, the courtship ritual takes place in close contact with the substratum which may characterise adaptation to typical intertidal conditions (Ref. 42363).東大西洋: 挪威南部, Kattegat 與不列顛群島到西撒哈拉的里奧德奧羅。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Dawson, C.E., 1990. Syngnathidae. p. 658-664. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4509)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 124695)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 July 2014

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9.4 - 16, mean 11 °C (based on 394 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00085 (0.00032 - 0.00227), b=3.03 (2.80 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.67 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tm=2).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .