Brotula multibarbata, Goatsbeard brotula : fisheries, gamefish

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Brotula multibarbata Temminck & Schlegel, 1846

Goatsbeard brotula
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Brotula multibarbata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Brotula multibarbata (Goatsbeard brotula)
Brotula multibarbata
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae (Cusk-eels) > Brotulinae
Etymology: Brotula: Latin, brotula, -ae = little, bud, shoot (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Temminck & Schlegel.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 1 - 650 m (Ref. 34024), usually 180 - 220 m (Ref. 37816).   熱帶; 33°N - 38°S, 17°E - 155°W (Ref. 34024)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Pitcairn, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island. Also reported from Persian Gulf (Ref. 68964).
印度-太平洋: 紅海而且東非到皮特凱恩島, 北至日本南部, 南至羅得豪島。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5213); common length : 30.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9987)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 109-139; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 80 - 106. In addition to meristic counts, B. multibarbata differs from B. townsendi by possessing a larger eye (width>interorbital space) and having slightly different coloration (dark brown with a submarginal black band and narrow white border on the dorsal and anal fins versus greenish to orange brown with orange-bordered dorsal and anal fins).
除了体节的数目, B. multibarbata 藉由持有一个较大的眼 (宽度>眼间隔) 而且有些微不同的颜色有别于 B. townsendi 。 (深褐色的具有一个在背鳍与臀鳍上的靠近边缘的黑色条纹与狭窄的白色边缘对呈绿色到橘色的褐色有橘色边的背鳍与臀鳍)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Benthopelagic on shelf and upper slope (Ref. 34024). Larvae found in the epipelagic far offshore (Ref. 34024). Found in shallow lagoon and seaward reefs and occurs at depths of at least 220 m. Adults (30-90 cm) move to depths of 100-650 m (Ref. 58472). A nocturnal species, rarely seen for it lives in caves and crevices during the day and periodically emerges from cover at night to feed on crustaceans, mainly crabs, and fishes. Oviparous, with oval pelagic eggs floating in a gelatinous mass (Ref. 205). Utilized fresh and eaten steamed, pan-fried and baked (Ref. 9987). Also Ref. 58302.

在大陆架与上层斜坡上的大洋底栖性鱼种.(参考文献 34024) 仔鱼发现于表层带了远离至外海.(参考文献 34024) 发现于泻湖浅滩与临海礁石而且发生于深度至少 220 公尺了。 一个夜行的种, 很少地见到因为它生活在洞穴与裂隙中在白天期间而且定期浮现离表面在晚上觅食甲壳动物, 主要地螃蟹 , 与鱼。 生鲜使用而且清蒸, 油锅炸与烧烤的.(参考文献 9987)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-太平洋: 紅海而且東非到皮特凱恩島, 北至日本南部, 南至羅得豪島。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins, 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 34024)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 游钓鱼种: 是的
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13.4 - 23, mean 15.9 (based on 98 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00153 - 0.00942), b=3.13 (2.91 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.