Brotula multibarbata, Goatsbeard brotula : fisheries, gamefish

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Brotula multibarbata Temminck & Schlegel, 1846

Goatsbeard brotula
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Brotula multibarbata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Brotula multibarbata (Goatsbeard brotula)
Brotula multibarbata
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) 鼬鳚目 (Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae (Cusk-eels) 鼬魚科 (Cusk-eels) > Brotulinae
Etymology: Brotula: Latin, brotula, -ae = little, bud, shoot (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Temminck & Schlegel.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 1 - 650 m (Ref. 34024), usually 180 - 220 m (Ref. 37816).   熱帶; 33°N - 38°S, 17°E - 155°W (Ref. 34024)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Pitcairn, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island. Also reported from Persian Gulf (Ref. 68964).
印度-太平洋: 紅海而且東非到皮特凱恩島, 北至日本南部, 南至羅得豪島。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 5213); common length : 30.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 9987)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 背的軟條 (總數): 109-139; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 80 - 106. In addition to meristic counts, B. multibarbata differs from B. townsendi by possessing a larger eye (width>interorbital space) and having slightly different coloration (dark brown with a submarginal black band and narrow white border on the dorsal and anal fins versus greenish to orange brown with orange-bordered dorsal and anal fins).
除了體節的數目, B. multibarbata 藉由持有一個較大的眼 (寬度>眼間隔) 而且有些微不同的顏色有別於 B. townsendi 。 (深褐色的具有一個在背鰭與臀鰭上的靠近邊緣的黑色條紋與狹窄的白色邊緣對呈綠色到橘色的褐色有橘色邊的背鰭與臀鰭)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Benthopelagic on shelf and upper slope (Ref. 34024). Larvae found in the epipelagic far offshore (Ref. 34024). Found in shallow lagoon and seaward reefs and occurs at depths of at least 220 m. Adults (30-90 cm) move to depths of 100-650 m (Ref. 58472). A nocturnal species, rarely seen for it lives in caves and crevices during the day and periodically emerges from cover at night to feed on crustaceans, mainly crabs, and fishes. Oviparous, with oval pelagic eggs floating in a gelatinous mass (Ref. 205). Utilized fresh and eaten steamed, pan-fried and baked (Ref. 9987). Also Ref. 58302.

在大陸棚與上層斜坡上的大洋底棲性魚種.(參考文獻 34024) 仔魚發現於表層帶.遠離至外海.(參考文獻 34024) 發現於潟湖淺灘與臨海礁石而且發生於深度至少 220 公尺.。 成魚 (30-90 公分) 移動到深度 100-650 公尺。 (參考文獻 58472) 一個夜行的種, 很少地見到因為它生活在洞穴與裂隙中在白天期間而且定期浮現離表面在晚上覓食甲殼動物, 主要地螃蟹 , 與魚。 卵生的, 大洋性的卵漂浮在一個橢圓形的凝膠團中.(參考文獻 205) 生鮮使用而且清蒸, 油鍋炸與燒烤的.(參考文獻 9987) 也參考文獻 58302.

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

印度-太平洋: 紅海而且東非到皮特凱恩島, 北至日本南部, 南至羅得豪島。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins, 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 34024)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 低經濟; 游釣魚種: 是的
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13.4 - 23, mean 15.9 (based on 98 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00153 - 0.00942), b=3.13 (2.91 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增時間4.5 - 14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.