Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; laut; payau dasar (demersal); kisaran kedalaman 1 - 96 m (Ref. 86376), usually 1 - 50 m (Ref. 35388). Temperate; 8°C - 24°C (Ref. 4944); 66°N - 20°N, 18°W - 42°E
Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea: throughout North Africa from Cape Blanc, Mauritania north and eastwards to the Suez Canal; also along the eastern Atlantic coast northwards to Trondheim (Norway) and Baltic Sea. Also known from the Black Sea (Ref. 4646).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm ?, range 6 - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 35388); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 5 Tahun (Ref. 97194)
Neck scaled with a black spot in the front end of each dorsal fin (Ref. 35388); body shape is terete, slightly depressed; eyes situated dorso-laterally; reduced swim bladders (Ref. 92840).
Found in estuaries, lagoons and inshore waters over sand or mud, in seagrass or on algae (Ref. 4696). Occasionally recorded in freshwater, but there are no documented records of actual occurrence in European freshwaters (Ref. 59043). Feed on crustaceans (larger amphipods, isopods, shrimps, mysids, small crabs), bivalves, gastropods, polychaetes, chironomid larvae, sometimes small fish (Ref. 4696).
Repeat spawner (Ref. 4696). Male guards eggs.
Miller, P.J., 1986. Gobiidae. p. 1019-1085. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4696)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 124695)
ancaman kepada manusia
Perikanan: tidak ada kepentingan; Akuarium: Komersial
muat turun XML
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8.3 - 18.8, mean 10.8 °C (based on 1296 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00713 - 0.01063), b=3.08 (3.04 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179
): sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (K=0.19-0.3; tm=0.8-2; tmax=4).
keancaman (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 77.7 [34.1, 168.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.447 [0.246, 0.844] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.9 [15.2, 18.6] % ; Omega3 = 1.25 [0.51, 2.96] g/100g ; Selenium = 14.5 [4.5, 34.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 24.8 [6.6, 88.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.967 [0.598, 1.658] mg/100g (wet weight);