Zanclorhynchus spinifer, Antarctic horsefish : fisheries

Zanclorhynchus spinifer Günther, 1880

Antarctic horsefish
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Zanclorhynchus spinifer   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Zanclorhynchus spinifer (Antarctic horsefish)
Zanclorhynchus spinifer
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) 鮋形目 (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Congiopodidae (Racehorses or pigfishes) 南鮋科 (Racehorses or pigfishes) > Zanclorhyninae
Etymology: Zanclorhynchus: Greek, za = an aumentative particle + Greek, agkilo = hook + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335);  spinifer: Named for its type locality, Ridge of Hercules.  More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 居於水底的; 深度上下限 5 - 1000 m (Ref. 87547).   溫帶; 45°S - 55°S

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Southern Ocean: Prince Edward, Crozet, Kerguelen, Heard, and Macquarie islands and the Kara-Dag Seamount north-east of the Prince Edward Islands.
南極海: 愛德華湖王子, Crozet, Kerguelen,聽到, 與 Macquarie 島與島愛德華湖王子喀拉海-Dag 海洋山脊東北方。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 5195)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

臀鰭軟條: 10 - 12; 脊椎骨: 34 - 35. This subspecies differs from the nominative subspecies in the degree of development of the arming, particularly, by the cranial spines and of the dorsal fin: arming of fish strong, index of arming (Iar) is more than 13.2; length of first spine D1 7.4-14.7% SL; head length 36.4-39% SL; antedorsal distance 33.7-38.7% SL; length of first spine D1 0.7-1.1 of eye diameter, which is 7.7-11.2% SL; the sum of heights of second, third, and fourth spines D1 exceeds length of second temporal spine by no more than 7.1 times. This subspecies differs from (Ref. 118198).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Feeds mainly on benthic invertebrates, primarily amphipods.

主要吃底棲的無脊椎動物, 主要地片腳類動物。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

南極海: 愛德華湖王子, Crozet, Kerguelen,聽到, 與 Macquarie 島與島愛德華湖王子喀拉海-Dag 海洋山脊東北方。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Heemstra, P.C. and G. Duhamel, 1990. Congiopodidae. p. 229-230. In O. Gon and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. (Ref. 5195)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 February 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 低經濟
FAO(漁業: 產生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周邊海洋

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俗名
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生態毒物學
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成熟度
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產卵群集
孕卵數

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豐度
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網路資源

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 1.3 - 2.9, mean 2.2 (based on 17 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7520   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.53 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  .
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.