Teleocichla preta

Teleocichla preta Varella, Zuanon, Kullander & López-Fernández 2016

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Teleocichla preta
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Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cichliformes (Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Teleocichla: Greek, tele, telos = perfect + Greek, kichle = wrasse (Ref. 45335);  preta: Adjective in Portuguese meaning black; refers to the diagnostic dark overall colouration of the body and to the previous denominations for the species in the scientific and aquarium literature, as well as among fishermen of the Rio Xingu. Noun in apposition.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; agua dulce bentopelágico.   Tropical; 0°S - 10°S, 55°W - 50°W (Ref. 108975)

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

South America: Brazil, Amazon basin, Rios Xingu and Iriri (Ref. 108975).

Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.1 cm SL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 108975); 11.2 cm SL (female)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 21 - 23; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 7-10; Espinas anales 3; Radios blandos anales: 8 - 9; Vértebra: 35 - 37. This species is distinguished from all its congeners by the following characters: a unique blackish (in live specimens) or dark brown (preserved specimens) general body colouration, which masks the faint vertical bars or a zig-zag pattern of blotches on the flanks; a deeper and posteriorly strongly compressed caudal peduncle, its depth 11.7-14.9 % SL, mean 13% (vs. < 10.9% SL); a deeper body, its depth 17.9-21.6% SL, mean 19.9% (vs. less or equal to 18.3%); stout lower pharyngeal tooth plate bearing molariform teeth on its median area (vs. conical); with maximum size 12.13 cm SL (vs. 8.15 cm SL in the largest known specimen of prionogenys and 8.78 cm SL in wajapi); differs from centrarchus and wajapi by having 3 anal-fin spines (vs. 4); differs from monogramma and centisquama by having the anterior and posterior branches of the lateral line separated by 2 horizontal scale rows (vs. lateral line continuous); differs from gephyrogramma by the absence of a caudal-fin blotch (vs. present, rounded and conspicuous); differs from cinderella by the absence of small dark spots scattered on flanks (vs. presence at least in specimens up to 6.0 cm SL) and by the absence of filamentous dorsal-fin prolongation in sexually dimorphic males (Ref. 108975).

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

In moderate to fast, shallow rapids, with clear water and the riverbed composed mainly of large rocks and little accumulated sediment. Feeds predominantly on of caddisfly larvae (Trichoptera) and other hard-shelled invertebrates (gastropods and bivalves), as well as midges (Diptera: Chironomidae) and mayfly larvae (Ephemeroptera) (Ref. 108975).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador : Kullander, Sven O. | Colaboradores

Varella, H.R., J. Zuanon, S.O. Kullander and H. López-Fernández, 2016. Teleocichla preta, a new species of cichlid from the Rio Xingu basin in Brazil (Teleostei: Cichlidae). J. Fish Biol. 89(3):1551-1569. (Ref. 108975)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Más información

Países
Áreas FAO
Ecosistemas
Ocurrencias, apariciones
Introducciones
Stocks
Ecología
Dieta
componentes alimenticios
consumo de alimento
Ración
Nombres comunes
Sinónimos
Metabolismo
Despredadores
Ecotoxicología
Reproducción
Madurez
Puesta
Agregación para la puesta
Fecundidad
Huevos
Egg development
Age/Size
Crecimiento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometría
Morfología
Larva
Dinámica larvaria
Reclutamiento
Abundancia
BRUVS
Referencias
Acuicultura
Perfil de acuicultura
Razas
Genética
Frecuencias de alelos
heritabilidad
Enfermedades
Procesamiento
Mass conversion
Colaboradores
Imágenes
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sonidos
Ciguatera
Velocidad
Tipo de natación
Superficie branquial
Otolitos
Cerebros
Visión

Herramientas

Special reports

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Fuentes de Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Árbol de la vida | Wikipedia(Go, búsqueda) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Expediente Zoológico

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliencia (Ref. 120179):  Alto, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo inferior a 15 meses (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .