分類 / Names
俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) 鱸形目 (Cichlids, convict blennies)
(Cichlids) 慈鯛科魚類 (Cichlids)
Etymology: Teleocichla: Greek, tele, telos = perfect + Greek, kichle = wrasse (Ref. 45335); preta: Adjective in Portuguese meaning black; refers to the diagnostic dark overall colouration of the body and to the previous denominations for the species in the scientific and aquarium literature, as well as among fishermen of the Rio Xingu. Noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 淡水 底中水層性. ; 0°S - 10°S, 55°W - 50°W (Ref. 108975)
South America: Brazil, Amazon basin, Rios Xingu and Iriri (Ref. 108975).
大小 / 重量 / 年齡
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.1 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 108975); 11.2 cm SL (female)
型態特徵 | 形態測量圖
背棘 (總數): 21 - 23; 背的軟條 (總數): 7-10; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 8 - 9; 脊椎骨: 35 - 37. This species is distinguished from all its congeners by the following characters: a unique blackish (in live specimens) or dark brown (preserved specimens) general body colouration, which masks the faint vertical bars or a zig-zag pattern of blotches on the flanks; a deeper and posteriorly strongly compressed caudal peduncle, its depth 11.7-14.9 % SL, mean 13% (vs. < 10.9% SL); a deeper body, its depth 17.9-21.6% SL, mean 19.9% (vs. less or equal to 18.3%); stout lower pharyngeal tooth plate bearing molariform teeth on its median area (vs. conical); with maximum size 12.13 cm SL (vs. 8.15 cm SL in the largest known specimen of prionogenys and 8.78 cm SL in wajapi); differs from centrarchus and wajapi by having 3 anal-fin spines (vs. 4); differs from monogramma and centisquama by having the anterior and posterior branches of the lateral line separated by 2 horizontal scale rows (vs. lateral line continuous); differs from gephyrogramma by the absence of a caudal-fin blotch (vs. present, rounded and conspicuous); differs from cinderella by the absence of small dark spots scattered on flanks (vs. presence at least in specimens up to 6.0 cm SL) and by the absence of filamentous dorsal-fin prolongation in sexually dimorphic males (Ref. 108975).
In moderate to fast, shallow rapids, with clear water and the riverbed composed mainly of large rocks and little accumulated sediment. Feeds predominantly on of caddisfly larvae (Trichoptera) and other hard-shelled invertebrates (gastropods and bivalves), as well as midges (Diptera: Chironomidae) and mayfly larvae (Ephemeroptera) (Ref. 108975).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | 卵 | 孕卵數 | 仔魚
Varella, H.R., J. Zuanon, S.O. Kullander and H. López-Fernández, 2016. Teleocichla preta, a new species of cichlid from the Rio Xingu basin in Brazil (Teleostei: Cichlidae). J. Fish Biol. 89(3):1551-1569. (Ref. 108975)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.聲音神經毒速度泳型鰓區Otoliths腦重體重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
營養階層 (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .