Lichia amia, Leerfish : fisheries, gamefish

Lichia amia (Linnaeus 1758)

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Lichia amia   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lichia amia (Leerfish)
Lichia amia
Picture by De Sanctis, A.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Carangiformes () > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Trachinotinae
Etymology: Lichia: Greek, lichia = corpse like skin colour.  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; marino; salobre; oceanodromo (Ref. 51243); rango de profundidad 0 - 50 m (Ref. 3197).   Subtropical; 47°N - 28°S

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: southern Bay of Biscay to South Africa, including the Mediterranean. Western Indian Ocean: South Africa to Maputo Bay, Maputo (Mozambique)..

Length at first maturity / Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 60 - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 57392); common length : 100.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 3197); peso máximo publicado: 50.0 kg (Ref. 27584)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 8; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 19-21; Espinas anales 3; Radios blandos anales: 17 - 21. Diagnosis: body elongate, moderately deep and compressed; dorsal profile of head almost straight, ending in a pointed snout; eyes relatively small; upper jaw slender and rounded posteriorly, ending below or beyond posterior eye margin; 2 dorsal fins, 1st with 7 spines with only their bases connected by a membrane, 2nd with 1 spine and 19-21 soft rays; anal fin with 2 detached spines followed by 1 spine and 17-21 soft rays; pectoral fins short, comprised 1.5-1.8 times in head length; scales small, those on breast oval to strongly lanceolate, and partially embedded in the skin; lateral line very irregular and wavy, describing a convex curve over, and a concave curve behind pectoral fins; no lateral-line scutes (Ref. 57392). Brown above, silvery white below lateral line; lobes of dorsal and anal fins black distally; juveniles (to at least 12 cm fork length) with brownish black bars on sides (Ref. 3197, 57392).

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Marine, coastal pelagic species (Ref. 57392). Adults are found in coastal waters including estuaries. Occasionally entering lower reaches of rivers like the Kunene and Orange Rivers in Namibia (Ref. 52863). Juveniles often entering estuaries (Ref. 57392). Feed mainly on fish; juveniles prefer crustaceans (Ref. 4332). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233). Popular game fish (Ref. 3197).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Colaboradores

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1986. Carangidae. p. 815-844. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 4233)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 19 May 2014

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Pesquerías: comercial; pesca deportiva: si
FAO(pesquerías: producción; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Más información

Nombres comunes
Agregación para la puesta
Egg development
Perfil de acuicultura
Frecuencias de alelos
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Tipo de natación
Superficie branquial


Special reports

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Fuentes de Internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.2 - 29, mean 26.3 °C (based on 478 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00974 - 0.01785), b=2.94 (2.85 - 3.03), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; based on diet studies.
Resiliencia (Ref. 120179):  Medio, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo de 1.4-4.4 años (Assuming tm=2).
Prior r = 0.51, 95% CL = 0.34 - 0.76, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (77 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.