Lichia amia, Leerfish : fisheries, gamefish

You can sponsor this page

Lichia amia (Linnaeus 1758)

Leerfish
添加你自己的观测位置在 Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Lichia amia   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
上传你的 图片 和 影像
Pictures | 谷歌图片
Image of Lichia amia (Leerfish)
Lichia amia
Picture by De Sanctis, A.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Carangiformes () 鱸形目 () > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Trachinotinae
Etymology: Lichia: Greek, lichia = corpse like skin colour.  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - 50 m (Ref. 3197).   亞熱帶的; 47°N - 28°S

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: southern Bay of Biscay to South Africa, including the Mediterranean. Western Indian Ocean: South Africa to Maputo Bay, Maputo (Mozambique)..
東大西洋: 比斯開灣南部到南非, 包括地中海。 西印度洋: 南非至 Delagoa 海灣, Lourenco 捕拿特許。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 60 - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 57392); common length : 100.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3197); 最大体重: 50.0 kg (Ref. 27584)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 8; 背的软条 (总数): 19-21; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 17 - 21. Diagnosis: body elongate, moderately deep and compressed; dorsal profile of head almost straight, ending in a pointed snout; eyes relatively small; upper jaw slender and rounded posteriorly, ending below or beyond posterior eye margin; 2 dorsal fins, 1st with 7 spines with only their bases connected by a membrane, 2nd with 1 spine and 19-21 soft rays; anal fin with 2 detached spines followed by 1 spine and 17-21 soft rays; pectoral fins short, comprised 1.5-1.8 times in head length; scales small, those on breast oval to strongly lanceolate, and partially embedded in the skin; lateral line very irregular and wavy, describing a convex curve over, and a concave curve behind pectoral fins; no lateral-line scutes (Ref. 57392). Brown above, silvery white below lateral line; lobes of dorsal and anal fins black distally; juveniles (to at least 12 cm fork length) with brownish black bars on sides (Ref. 3197, 57392).
背面褐色又下面银白色的侧线; 末梢部地的背鳍与臀鳍黑色的叶.(参考文献 3197) 在侧边上幼鱼有深褐色的条纹。 (参考文献 3197)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Marine, coastal pelagic species (Ref. 57392). Adults are found in coastal waters including estuaries. Occasionally entering lower reaches of rivers like the Kunene and Orange Rivers in Namibia (Ref. 52863). Juveniles often entering estuaries (Ref. 57392). Feed mainly on fish; juveniles prefer crustaceans (Ref. 4332). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233). Popular game fish (Ref. 3197).

偶然地进入库内河与橘河的下游。 (参考文献 52863) 发现于沿岸水域包括河口了。 主要吃鱼; 稚鱼偏爱甲壳动物。 (参考文献 4332) 受欢迎的游钓鱼类.(参考文献 3197)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

東大西洋: 比斯開灣南部到南非, 包括地中海。 西印度洋: 南非至 Delagoa 海灣, Lourenco 捕拿特許。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | 合作者

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1986. Carangidae. p. 815-844. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 4233)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 19 May 2014

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

下载 XML

网络资源

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.2 - 29, mean 26.3 °C (based on 478 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00974 - 0.01785), b=2.94 (2.85 - 3.03), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Assuming tm=2).
Prior r = 0.51, 95% CL = 0.34 - 0.76, Based on 1 stock assessment.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (77 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.