Monochirus atlanticus

Monochirus atlanticus Chabanaud, 1940

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Monochirus atlanticus
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) 鰈形目 (Flatfishes) > Soleidae (Soles) 鰨科 (Soles)
Etymology: Monochirus: Greek, monos = one + Greek, cheir = hand (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 居於水底的; 深度上下限 10 - 250 m (Ref. 109259).

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Ghana.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 109259); common length : 15.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 109259)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背的軟條 (總數): 50-58. This species is distingusihed by the following characters: body oval, stocky, laterally compressed; greatest depth in anterior one-third with moderate anterior and more gradual posterior taper beyond this point; head relatively large, broadly rounded anteriorly; short snout rounded; eyes separated by small, concave, interorbital space; mouth symphysis reaching vertical through middle of lower eye; ocular-side anterior nostril tubular, reaching beyond anterior margin of lower eye; blind-side anterior nostril tubular; D 50-58, fin's origin anterior to vertical through anterior margin of eyes; A 40-45; dorsal and anal fins are not connected to caudal peduncle; caudal peduncle very distinct; pectoral-fin rays 5-6 on ocular side, absent on blind side; scales trapezoid, very rough; pored lateral line scales 52-54, supratemporal branch of lateral line not distinct. Colour: ocular side is greyish or reddish brown with darker spots or irregular bands, the dorsal and anal fins with alternating series of 1 or 2 lightly pigmented and 4 to 6 darkly pigmented fin rays, the pectoral fin darker than body colour; blind side whitish (Ref. 109259).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

This demersal species is found on sand and mud bottoms on the continental shelf (10-250 m), and also occurring frequently near plant growth. Common length between 10 and 15 cm SL. Taken in by bottom trawls and shore seines. Marketed fresh in some countries, rejected in others (Ref. 109259).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Carpenter, K.E. and N. De Angelis (eds.), 2016. The living marine resources of the Eastern Central Atlantic. Vol. 4: Bony fishes part 2 (Perciformes to Tetradontiformes) and sea turtles. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes, Rome, FAO. pp. 2343-3124. (Ref. 109259)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 125652)

  資料不足 (DD) ; Date assessed: 12 July 2012

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 





人類使用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

更多資訊

國家
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新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
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孕卵數

卵發育
年龄/大小
成長
長度-重量
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型態特徵
仔魚
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Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

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網路資源

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00604 - 0.01816), b=3.10 (2.95 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 1.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .