Encrasicholina intermedia, Shiner anchovy

Encrasicholina intermedia Hata & Motomura, 2016

Shiner anchovy
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Image of Encrasicholina intermedia (Shiner anchovy)
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drawing shows typical species in Engraulidae.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Clupeiformes (Herrings) 鯡目 (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) 鯷科 (Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Encrasicholina: Greek, egkrasicholos, -os, -on = mixed with spleen;  intermedia: Name from Latin 'intermedia' referring to this species having the intermediate number of gill rakers between those of E. punctifer and E. gloria.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋.    ; 12°N - 40°S, 15°E - 60°E (Ref. 116573)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya and India.

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 116573)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: dorsal and anal fins possess two unbranched rays; pseudobranchial filaments 21-26 (modally 24); upper series of gill rakers 20-23 (20) on 1st gill arch, lower 26-28 (26), total 46-50 (46); upper series of gill rakers 13-14 (13) on 2nd gill arch, lower 23-25 (23), total 36-38; upper series of gill rakers 10-12 (11) on 3rd gill arch, lower 12-13 (13), total 23-25 (24); upper series of gill rakers 9-10 (10) on 4th gill arch, lower 9-11 (10), total 19-21 (20); prepelvic scutes 3-6 (5); posterior tip of the upper jaw not reaching to anterior margin of preopercle; length of first unbranched dorsal-fin ray 4.7-5.8% of SL (Ref. 116573).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)


Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼


主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Hata, H. and H. Motomura, 2016. Two new species of the genus Encrasicholina (Clupeiformes: Engraulidae): E. intermedia from the western Indian Ocean and E. gloria from the Persian Gulf, Red Sea and Mediterranean. Raffles Bull. Zool. 64:79-88. (Ref. 116573)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  数据缺失 (DD) ; Date assessed: 28 February 2017

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 





人类利用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00247 - 0.01115), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .