Squalus margaretsmithae, Smith’s dogfish shark

Squalus margaretsmithae Viana, Lisher & Carvalho, 2017

Smith’s dogfish shark
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Squalus margaretsmithae   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Squalus margaretsmithae (Smith’s dogfish shark)
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical species in Squalidae.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae (Dogfish sharks)
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436);  margaretsmithae: Named for Professor Margaret Mary Smith, first director of the former J.L.B. Smith Institute (currently SAIAB).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 深度上下限 256 - 284 m (Ref. 116247).   

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic Ocean from Portugal and Morocco to South Africa.

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 54.3 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 116247)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

脊椎骨: 107 - 115. This species is distinguished from its regional congeners (except S. acutipinnis) by having broad pectoral fins that transcend trunk height when adpressed on body, with length of pectoral fin anterior margin 16.5%, 15.9-17.9% TL; differs from S. chloroculus, S. edmundsi, S. lalannei, S. mitsukurii, S. montalbani, S. nasutus by having a smaller snout with prenarial length shorter than distance from nostril to upper labial furrow, and unicuspid and lanceolate dermal denticles (vs. prenarial length greater than distance from nostril to upper labial furrow, and tricuspid and rhomboid dermal denticles); differs from S. megalops, S. brevirostris by having postventral caudal margins that are not uniformly white (vs. postventral caudal margins uniformly white in megalops, brevirostris). differs from S. mahia by having dermal denticles that are wide at the crown (vs. dermal denticles slender at crown in megalops, mahia); differs from S. brevirostris, S. crassispinus by having a shorter dorsal-caudal space, 11.2%, 10.8-12.2% TL (vs. 10.1-10.6% for brevirostris and 9.9-10.0% TL for crassispinus), and from S. mahia, S. crassispinus by the prespiracular length 11.5% TL, 11.7-12.3% TL (vs. 12.4%, 12.4-13.9% TL for mahia and 12.5-12.7% TL for crassispinus); further differs from S. crassispinus by its shorter preorbital length, 6.5%, 6.4-7.0% TL (vs. 7.3-7.4% TL), its larger pectoral fins with pectoral fin inner margin length 9.7%, 9.2-10.6% TL (vs. 8.6% TL), its pectoral fin posterior margin length 11.3%, 11.8-14.5% TL (vs. 9.0-9.4% TL), greater pre-first dorsal fin length, 28.2%, 28.1-32.2% TL (vs. 26.7-27.4% TL), its wider mouth, its widhe 7.6%, 7.8-9.0% TL (vs. 7.4% TL), and shorter pelvic-caudal distance, 25.1%, 24.9-27.2% TL (vs. 27.9-28.1% TL); differs from S. acutipinnis by having a first dorsal fin somewhat upright and rounded at apex, its posterior margin concave at its midline (vs. fin prone and pointed at apex, its posterior margin straight throughout in), caudal fork between lobes discontinuous (vs. continuous), dermal denticles with length greater than width and symmetrical lateral expansions (vs. dermal denticles somewhat equal in length and width, and asymmetrical lateral expansions), its upper teeth narrow, lower teeth depressed, cusp very short and somewhat oblique, straight mesial cutting edge, rounded mesial heel, and apron very short in both jaws (vs. upper teeth broad, lower teeth tall, cusp elongate and directed upward, concave mesial cutting edge, constricted mesial heel, and apron shorter only in upper teeth) (Ref. 116247).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)


Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼


主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | 合作者

Viana, S.T. d. F.L., M.W. Lisher and M.R. de Carvalho, 2017. Two new species of short-snouted dogfish sharks of the genus Squalus Linnaeus, 1758, from southern Africa (Chondrichthyes: Squaliformes: Squalidae). Mar. Biodiv. 1-28. (Ref. 116247)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 August 2019

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 





人类利用

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00157 - 0.00730), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .