Squalus margaretsmithae, Smith’s dogfish shark

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Squalus margaretsmithae Viana, Lisher & Carvalho, 2017

Smith’s dogfish shark
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Squalus margaretsmithae   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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drawing shows typical species in Squalidae.

分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

板鰓亜鋼(サメとエイ類) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae (Dogfish sharks)
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436);  margaretsmithae: Named for Professor Margaret Mary Smith, first director of the former J.L.B. Smith Institute (currently SAIAB).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海; 深さの範囲 256 - 284 m (Ref. 116247), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C -

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic Ocean from Portugal and Morocco to South Africa.

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 54.3 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 116247)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

脊つい: 107 - 115. This species is distinguished from its regional congeners (except S. acutipinnis) by having broad pectoral fins that transcend trunk height when adpressed on body, with length of pectoral fin anterior margin 16.5%, 15.9-17.9% TL; differs from S. chloroculus, S. edmundsi, S. lalannei, S. mitsukurii, S. montalbani, S. nasutus by having a smaller snout with prenarial length shorter than distance from nostril to upper labial furrow, and unicuspid and lanceolate dermal denticles (vs. prenarial length greater than distance from nostril to upper labial furrow, and tricuspid and rhomboid dermal denticles); differs from S. megalops, S. brevirostris by having postventral caudal margins that are not uniformly white (vs. postventral caudal margins uniformly white in megalops, brevirostris). differs from S. mahia by having dermal denticles that are wide at the crown (vs. dermal denticles slender at crown in megalops, mahia); differs from S. brevirostris, S. crassispinus by having a shorter dorsal-caudal space, 11.2%, 10.8-12.2% TL (vs. 10.1-10.6% for brevirostris and 9.9-10.0% TL for crassispinus), and from S. mahia, S. crassispinus by the prespiracular length 11.5% TL, 11.7-12.3% TL (vs. 12.4%, 12.4-13.9% TL for mahia and 12.5-12.7% TL for crassispinus); further differs from S. crassispinus by its shorter preorbital length, 6.5%, 6.4-7.0% TL (vs. 7.3-7.4% TL), its larger pectoral fins with pectoral fin inner margin length 9.7%, 9.2-10.6% TL (vs. 8.6% TL), its pectoral fin posterior margin length 11.3%, 11.8-14.5% TL (vs. 9.0-9.4% TL), greater pre-first dorsal fin length, 28.2%, 28.1-32.2% TL (vs. 26.7-27.4% TL), its wider mouth, its widhe 7.6%, 7.8-9.0% TL (vs. 7.4% TL), and shorter pelvic-caudal distance, 25.1%, 24.9-27.2% TL (vs. 27.9-28.1% TL); differs from S. acutipinnis by having a first dorsal fin somewhat upright and rounded at apex, its posterior margin concave at its midline (vs. fin prone and pointed at apex, its posterior margin straight throughout in), caudal fork between lobes discontinuous (vs. continuous), dermal denticles with length greater than width and symmetrical lateral expansions (vs. dermal denticles somewhat equal in length and width, and asymmetrical lateral expansions), its upper teeth narrow, lower teeth depressed, cusp very short and somewhat oblique, straight mesial cutting edge, rounded mesial heel, and apron very short in both jaws (vs. upper teeth broad, lower teeth tall, cusp elongate and directed upward, concave mesial cutting edge, constricted mesial heel, and apron shorter only in upper teeth) (Ref. 116247).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | 協力者

Viana, S.T. d. F.L., M.W. Lisher and M.R. de Carvalho, 2017. Two new species of short-snouted dogfish sharks of the genus Squalus Linnaeus, 1758, from southern Africa (Chondrichthyes: Squaliformes: Squalidae). Mar. Biodiv. 1-28. (Ref. 116247)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 124695)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 August 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00158 - 0.00727), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低い, 4.5年~14年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .