Rhinobatos borneensis, Borneo guitarfish

Rhinobatos borneensis Last, Séret & Naylor, 2016

Borneo guitarfish
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Image of Rhinobatos borneensis (Borneo guitarfish)
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drawing shows typical species in Rhinobatidae.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) > Rhinobatidae (Guitarfishes)
Etymology: Rhinobatos: Greek, rhinos = nose + Greek, batis, -idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335);  borneensis: Named for its type locality, Borneo.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 底中水层性.    ; 8°N - 1°N, 108°E - 118°E (Ref. 114953)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: South China Sea, off Borneo.

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 63 cm
Max length : 68.6 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 108568); 90.0 cm TL (female)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

This species is distinguished by the following characters in adults: a wedge-shaped disc, its width 29-31% TL and length 1.30-1.42 times width; snout length 2.5-3.3 times the interspiracular distance, 3.8-5.6 times the interorbital width; medium-sized orbit, 1.5-2.2 times the spiracle length; nostrils weakly oblique, length 1.5-1.7 times internarial distance; preoral length 7.4-8.1 times the internarial distance; anterior nasal flaps are penetrating slightly into internarial space but well separated at their insertion (not reaching level of inner corner of nostril); posterior nasal flaps are broad; spiracular folds 2, the outermost fold distinctly taller than inner fold; ridges of rostral cartilage almost parallel, converging slightly anteriorly but not constricted medially; anterior cartilage sickle-shaped, pointed or blunt posteriorly; distance between fifth gill slits 2.7-3.3 times in ventral head length; prebranchial sensory pore patch obvious, extending to just behind first gill slit; postscapular sensory canal apparent with exposed lateral pores, grooved; thorn patches present on supraorbit, scapular region, and dorsal midline rudimentary, not evident; in males pelvic-fin inner margin subequal to its base, shorter in females; interdorsal distance 2.5-3.3 times first dorsal-fin base; dorsal caudal margin 1.9-2.3 times preventral margin; upper jaw with ca. 90 tooth rows; post-synarcual centra 176-180; nasal lamellae 50-53; dorsal fin usually with a large, often faint, central dusky blotches; in adults dorsal disc yellowish or brownish, often with diffuse pale yellowish blotches, without white spots; young with ocellate markings (Ref. 108568).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

This species is probably benthic on continental shelf. Biology of the species is poorly known, but for finding a pregnant female with 6 pups (Ref. 108568). Matures at ca. 63 cm TL (Ref. 114953).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼


主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : McEachran, John | 合作者

Last, P.R., B. Séret and G.J.P. Naylor, 2016. A new species of guitarfish, Rhinobatos borneensis sp. nov. with a redefinition of the family-level classification in the order Rhinopristiformes (Chondrichthyes: Batoidea). Zootaxa 4117(4):451-475. (Ref. 108568)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 





人类利用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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网络资源

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00302 (0.00153 - 0.00594), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .