Rhinobatos borneensis, Borneo guitarfish

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Rhinobatos borneensis Last, Séret & Naylor, 2016

Borneo guitarfish
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鰓亞綱 (鯊魚與魟魚) (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) 鰩目 (Shovelnose rays) > Rhinobatidae (Guitarfishes) 琵琶鱝科 (Guitarfishes)
Etymology: Rhinobatos: Greek, rhinos = nose + Greek, batis, -idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335);  borneensis: Named for its type locality, Borneo.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 底中水層性; 深度上下限 - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).    ; 8°N - 1°N, 108°E - 118°E (Ref. 114953)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: South China Sea, off Borneo.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 63 cm
Max length : 68.6 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 108568); 90.0 cm TL (female)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

This species is distinguished by the following characters in adults: a wedge-shaped disc, its width 29-31% TL and length 1.30-1.42 times width; snout length 2.5-3.3 times the interspiracular distance, 3.8-5.6 times the interorbital width; medium-sized orbit, 1.5-2.2 times the spiracle length; nostrils weakly oblique, length 1.5-1.7 times internarial distance; preoral length 7.4-8.1 times the internarial distance; anterior nasal flaps are penetrating slightly into internarial space but well separated at their insertion (not reaching level of inner corner of nostril); posterior nasal flaps are broad; spiracular folds 2, the outermost fold distinctly taller than inner fold; ridges of rostral cartilage almost parallel, converging slightly anteriorly but not constricted medially; anterior cartilage sickle-shaped, pointed or blunt posteriorly; distance between fifth gill slits 2.7-3.3 times in ventral head length; prebranchial sensory pore patch obvious, extending to just behind first gill slit; postscapular sensory canal apparent with exposed lateral pores, grooved; thorn patches present on supraorbit, scapular region, and dorsal midline rudimentary, not evident; in males pelvic-fin inner margin subequal to its base, shorter in females; interdorsal distance 2.5-3.3 times first dorsal-fin base; dorsal caudal margin 1.9-2.3 times preventral margin; upper jaw with ca. 90 tooth rows; post-synarcual centra 176-180; nasal lamellae 50-53; dorsal fin usually with a large, often faint, central dusky blotches; in adults dorsal disc yellowish or brownish, often with diffuse pale yellowish blotches, without white spots; young with ocellate markings (Ref. 108568).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

This species is probably benthic on continental shelf. Biology of the species is poorly known, but for finding a pregnant female with 6 pups (Ref. 108568). Matures at ca. 63 cm TL (Ref. 114953).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : McEachran, John | 合作者

Last, P.R., B. Séret and G.J.P. Naylor, 2016. A new species of guitarfish, Rhinobatos borneensis sp. nov. with a redefinition of the family-level classification in the order Rhinopristiformes (Chondrichthyes: Batoidea). Zootaxa 4117(4):451-475. (Ref. 108568)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 124695)

  未評估 

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 





人類使用

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00302 (0.00152 - 0.00600), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .