Pseudobarbus swartzi, Gamtoos redfin : fisheries

Pseudobarbus swartzi Chakona & Skelton 2017

Gamtoos redfin
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Pseudobarbus swartzi
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Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Pseudobarbus: Greek, pseudes = false + Latin, barbus = barbel (Ref. 45335);  swartzi: The species is named after Dr. Ernst R. Swartz for his contribution to the biogeography and systematics of Pseudobarbus and the role that he played in mentoring students working on the systematics and biogeography of southern African freshwater fishes (Ref. 114782).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; acqua dolce benthopelagico.   Subtropical

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Africa: Gamtoos, Kabeljous and Swart River systems in South Africa (Ref. 114782).

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.1 cm SL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 114782)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 0; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 10-11; Spine anali 0; Raggi anali molli: 8; Vertebre: 37 - 38. Diagnosis: The possession of a single pair of oral barbels separates Pseudobarbus swartzi from P. burchelli, P. burgi, P. skeltoni and P. verloreni, all with two pairs (Ref. 114782). It differs from P. quathlambae by having larger scales and fewer scale rows along the lateral line , 35-37 lateral line scales in P. swartzi vs. more than 65 scales along lateral line in P. quathlambae (Ref. 114782). Pseudobarbus swartzi and P. senticeps show some overlap in barbel length, but are clearly separated by scale size; Pseudobarbus swartzi has a higher number of scale rows along the lateral line, 34-37 vs. 25-33, and around the caudal peduncle, 13-17 vs. 10-12; it further differs from P. senticeps by lacking a conspicuous lateral stripe which terminates in a triangular blotch at the base of the caudal fin (Ref. 114782). While there is some overlap in scale counts between P. swartzi and P. afer, it is uncommon; Pseudobarbus swartzi has a higher number of lateral scale series, 34-37, than P. afer which has fewer lateral scale series, 29-35; the two species further differ in scale pigmentation pattern, P. afer has a band of pigment along the centre of the scales, leaving a clear band along the distal edges of the scale, and producing a distinct mesh or net-like pattern which is more conspicuous on the latero-ventral scales, this pattern is not evident in P. swartzi (Ref. 114782). Pseudobarbus swartzi differs from P. asper by possession of fewer larger scales, 34-37 lateral line scales vs. 35-45 and 13-17 caudal peduncle scales vs. 16-22 (Ref. 114782). Lack of prominent black spots and blotches on the body distinguishes P. swartzi from P. phlegethon (Ref. 114782).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Pseudobarbus swartzi inhabits perennial mountain streams with clear or peat stained water as well as cobble, pebbles and boulders (Ref. 114782). Remnant populations of the species are under severe threat from multiple human impacts including habitat degradation, complete water abstraction and potential invasion by alien fish predators and competitors that are now dominant in mainstream sections of the rivers (Ref. 114782).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Chakona, A. and P.H. Skelton, 2017. A review of the Pseudobarbus afer (Peters, 1864) species complex (Teleostei, Cyprinidae) in the eastern Cape Fold Ecoregion of South Africa. ZooKeys 657:109-140. (Ref. 114782)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Vulnerabile, vedi Lista Rossa IUCN (VU) (B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v)); Date assessed: 13 December 2016

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesca:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
Aree FAO
Ecosystems
Presenze
Introduzioni
Stocks
Ecologia
Dieta
Prede
Consumo di cibo
Razione
Nomi Comuni
Sinonimi
Metabolismo
Predatori
Ecotossicologia
Riproduzione
Maturità
Deposizione
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Uova
Egg development
Age/Size
Accrescimento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometria
Morfologia
Larve
Dinamica popolazioni larvali
Reclutamento
Abbondanza
BRUVS
Bibliografia
Acquacoltura
Profilo di acquacoltura
Varietà
Genetica
Frequenze alleliche
Ereditarietà
Malattie
Elaborazione
Mass conversion
Collaboratori
Immagini
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suoni
Ciguatera
Velocità
Modalità di nuoto
Area branchiale
Otoliths
Cervelli
Vista

Strumenti

Special reports

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Fonti Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, ricerca) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilienza (Ref. 120179):  Alto, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione meno di 15 mesi (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .