Gymnocranius superciliosus, Eyebrowed large-eye bream.

Gymnocranius superciliosus Borsa, Béarez, Paijo & Chen, 2013

Eyebrowed large-eye bream.
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Gymnocranius superciliosus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Gymnocranius superciliosus (Eyebrowed large-eye bream.)
Gymnocranius superciliosus
Picture by Bajol, R.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Lethrinidae (Emperors or scavengers) > Monotaxinae
Etymology: Gymnocranius: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, kranion = skull (Ref. 45335);  superciliosus: Named for the conspicuous dark patch above eye, which evokes an eyebrow.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina; djupintervall 5 - 20 m (Ref. 107926).   Tropical

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: New Caledonia, Chesterfield Is., and Fiji

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 43.0 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 107926)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

This species is distinguished by the following: a slender species with ratio of standard length to body depth between 2.65-3.06; forehead bumpy and lower edge of eye well above axis of body; moderately forked caudal fin with lobes slightly rounded; scales rows above lateral line 6; pored scales on lateral line 48-49; colour of flanks silvery; scales above lateral line with a dark-grey basal patch forming longitudinal rows; scales with similar dark-grey basal patch on a more or less extended portion of flank below lateral line; up to 24 or more pale-blue speckles against bronze background on snout and cheeks, distinctive on fresh and larger individuals but faint on smaller individuals; a pale-blue band joining the nostrils on forehead and reaching the eyes, bright in freshly captured larger individuals; the area immediately above eye (supraorbital shelf) forming a distinctive blackish eyebrow; more or less conspicuous vertical dark bar crossing the eye; upper lip is reddish to red while lower lip is white; the dorsal, pectoral, anal and caudal fins reddish to red (Ref. 107926).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Occurs on coral-sand bottom and collected using handlines; in lagoons and large pools. Stomach contents include broken bivalve shells and scraps of urchin shell (Ref. 107926).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Borsa, P., P. Béarez, S. Paijo and W.-J. Chen, 2013. Gymnocranius superciliosus and Gymnocranius satoi, two new large-eye breams (Sparoidea: Lethrinidae) from the Coral Sea and adjacent regions. Comptes Rendus Biologies 336: 233-240. (Ref. 107926)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

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Ytterligare information

Länder
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synonymer
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Internet-källor

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Släkte, Arter | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, sök | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00758 - 0.04173), b=2.97 (2.78 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 115 [59, 200] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.945 [0.558, 1.657] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.4 [17.4, 21.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.27 [0.14, 0.47] g/100g ; Selenium = 49.5 [25.3, 95.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 22.4 [6.3, 67.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.19 [0.76, 1.77] mg/100g (wet weight);