Phoxinus apollonicus

Phoxinus apollonicus Bianco & De Bonis, 2015

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> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Leuciscidae (Minnows) > Phoxininae
Etymology: Phoxinus: Greek, phoxinos = certain river fish (Ref. 45335);  apollonicus: Named after Apollonia, an ancient name to delimitate Albany.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoetwater benthopelagisch.   Temperate

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Europe: River Moraca and its tributary Zeta, both belonging to the Lake Skadar drainage in Montenegro. This species possibly represents the endemic species of the Albanian ichthyogeographic district.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.8 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 105385)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 10; Anale zachte stralen: 10. Phoxinus apollonicus is unequivocally distinguished from all other congeners by the reduced number of teeth on pharyngeal bones, usually four teeth on external row, but also 3 or 2, and 1 or 0 in the inner row. It also differs from other congeners by the combination of the following characters: the holotype has patches of breast scales connected anteriorly; the lateral line is nearly completed, posteriorly reaching the vertical line crossing the upper and the lower insertion of the caudal fin; flank of body with a marked mid-lateral longitudinal stripe extending from tip of snout to the base of caudal fin; a distinct spot at base of the caudal fin; a marked black spot on the opercular bone; depth of caudal peduncle, 2.2-2.8 times in its length and 1.8-2.5 in body depth; and eye diameter less than the preorbital distance(Ref. 105385).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

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Bianco, P.G. and S. De Bonis, 2015. A taxonomic study on the genus Phoxinus (Acthinopterigy, Cyprinidae) from Italy and western Balkans with description of four new species: P. ketmaieri, P. karsticus, P. apollonicus and P. likai. Res. Wildl. Conserv. 4:1-17. (Ref. 105385)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00400 - 0.02500), b=3.06 (2.85 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .