Apistogramma kullanderi

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Apistogramma kullanderi Varella & Sabaj Pérez 2014

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Apistogramma kullanderi
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Cichliformes (Cichlids, convict blennies) 鱸形目 (Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) 慈鯛科魚類 (Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Apistogramma: Greek, apisto = uncertain + Greek, gramma = graphic signal (Ref. 45335);  kullanderi: Named for Sven Oscar Kullander whose four decades of careful and comprehensive work have transformed the taxonomy of Neotropical Cichlidae and continue to inspire all those fascinated with its diversity.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 底中水層性.   

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

South America: upper rio Curuá (Iriri-Xingu drainage) and two of its larger tributaries on Serra do Cachimbo in Brazil.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 98797); 5.9 cm SL (female)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 13 - 16; 背的軟條 (總數): 6-8; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 7 - 8; 脊椎骨: 23 - 24. Apistogramma kullanderi is distinguished from congeners by the different color pattern between mature females and males. Mature females differ from all congeners by the unique combination of intense dark pigmentation continuous along basal portion of dorsal fin and on ventral surfaces from gular region to anal-fin base. Among nominal species of Apistogramma, that pattern is most closely approximated by mature females of A. baenschi, distinguished from A. kullanderi by having dark pigmentation in dorsal fin discontinuous, alternating with pale regions. Mature males of A. kullanderi possess a coarse, irregular pattern of dark spots and vermiculations on cheek and opercular series, and sides with 10-12 dark stripes, each stripe occupying junction between adjacent scale rows and separated by paler region central to each scale. Among nominal species of Apistogramma, a similar pattern is found in mature males of A. rubrolineata and A. tucurui. Mature males of A. kullanderi are distinguished from these species by having enlarged jaws with large, fleshy lips (vs. jaws and lips not enlarged), five (vs. four) dentary pores, and head profile acutely angular with distinct concavity in interorbital region (vs. profile more broadly rounded, lacking concavity in interorbital region). Apistogramma kullanderi is also separated from all congeners by having a maximum size of 7.97 cm SL for a wild-caught adult male (vs. 6.53 cm SL among wild-caught congeners). Other characters useful for the identification of A. kullanderi are the following: body depth 34.2-41.3 % SL; caudal fin broad and evenly rounded; 1-4 rakers first gill arch; most scales in lateral line with distinct tube (vs. simple perforation); and immature individuals with dark midlateral band, lacking midlateral blotch (98797).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Collected from shallow, sluggish backwaters shaded by bank vegetation (Ref. 98797).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Kullander, Sven O. | 合作者

Varella, H.R. and M.H. Sabaj Pérez, 2014. A titan among dwarfs: Apistogramma kullanderi, new species (Teleostei: Cichlidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 25(3):243-258. (Ref. 98797)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00785 - 0.03846), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .