Astyanax procerus

Astyanax procerus Lucena, Castro & Bertaco 2013

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Astyanax procerus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

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> Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Stethaprioninae
Etymology: Astyanax: The name of Astyanax, Hector´s son in the Greek mithology (Ref. 45335);  procerus: From the Greek adjective procerus, meaning tall, in reference the high body depth of the species.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoetwater benthopelagisch.   Tropical

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

South America: upper and middle rio Taquari-Antas and rio Jacuí, laguna dos Patos system in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.9 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 94153)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 10-11; Wervels: 36 - 38. This species is distinguished from all congeners in the rio Uruguay basin, laguna dos Patos and rio Tramandaí systems by having the following characters: two humeral spots (vs. one in Astyanax eigenmanniorum, A. sp. aff. fasciatus, A. jacuhiensis, and A. laticeps); first humeral spot vertically elongate with upper portion wider portion narrow and curved, with a pronounced constriction at the junction of both portions (vs. present of oval shape spot with two brown vertical bars in humeral region in A. jacuhiensis, oval shape in A. laticeps and forming a uniform wedge in A. eigenmanniorum and A. henseli); anal fin with 8-23 branched rays (vs. 18 or less in A. rachypterygium and A.cremnobates, 23 or more in A. aramburui, A. paris, A. saguazu, and A. stenohalinus); one maxillary tooth (vs. 2-5 in A. henseli); maxillary teeth tri- to pentacuspid (vs. hexa- to heptacuspid in A. dissensus and A. ojiara); and body depth 38.3-46.0% of SL (vs. smaller than 38% of SL in A. brachypterygium, A. cremnobates, A. obscurus, and A. xiru). It is most similar to A. xiru in color pattern, but it can be differentiated by the pelvic-fin length 16.1-18.7% of SL (vs. 13.6-17.1%), dorsal-fin length 24.1- 28.7% of SL (vs. 21.1-25.4%) and absence of bony hooks on the anal and pelvic fins of males (vs. presence) (Ref. 94153).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

De Lucena, C.A.S., J.B. Castro and V.A. Bertaco, 2013. Three new species of Astyanax from drainages of southern Brazil (Characiformes: Characidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 11(3):537-552. (Ref. 94153)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00595 - 0.02787), b=3.06 (2.89 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  .
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .