Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Cottoidei
() > Liparidae
Etymology: Paraliparis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, liparis = fat (Ref. 45335); penicillus: Name from latin 'penicillus' meaning a little brush, referring to its long, thin body and caudal-fin rays.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 722 - 1003 m (Ref. 86268). Deep-water; 59°N - 56°N, 178°W - 170°W (Ref. 86268)
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Northeast Pacific: Eastern Bering Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 46 - 49;
Vertebrae: 56 - 60. This species is distinguished from its congeners in having the following set of character states: deep, rounded head; small, terminal, horizontal mouth; dorsally notched and triangular opercular flap; simple teeth; high tooth-row count, up to 12 teeth in 31-33 rows; 17-19 pectoral-fin rays, with 4-5 comprising the lower lobe; 56-60 vertebrae; 51-55 dorsal-fin rays; 46-49 anal-fin rays; 6-7 principal caudal-fin rays; small gill slit, wholly above pectoral-fin or reaching ventrally in front of rays 3-4; 8-10 pyloric caeca; peritoneum black; stomach, intestine, and pyloric caeca unpigmented; body
pale anteriorly, increasingly more pigmented posteriorly, and tail partially orange in life (Ref. 86268).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Baldwin, Z.H. and J.W. Orr, 2010. A new species of the snailfish genus Paraliparis (Scorpaeniformes: Liparidae) from the Eastern Bering Sea. Copeia 2010(4):640-643. (Ref. 86268)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 1.7 - 3.3, mean 2 °C (based on 13 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00219 - 0.00998), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .