(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Acanthochromis: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, chromis = a marine fish without identification, dealing with perch; cited by Plinius (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; marinhas associadas(os) a recifes; não migratória; intervalo de profundidade 1 - 65 m (Ref. 9710), usually 4 - 20 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 15°N - 26°S, 116°E - 169°E (Ref. 56301)
Western Pacific: Indonesia and the Philippines to northeastern Australia and Melanesia.
Tamanho / Peso / Idade
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 48636)
Espinhos dorsais (total): 17; Raios dorsais moles (total): 14-16; Espinhos anais 2; Raios anais moles: 14 - 16.
Adults inhabit inshore and offshore coral reefs (Ref. 9710). Also found in harbors, lagoons and outer reef slopes. The only pomacentrid species that lacks a pelagic larval stage. One of the very few marine fishes where fry are guarded by the parents (Ref. 9710, 48636). School as they grow and sub-adults are usually seen in small groups. Adults form pairs and are territorial when breeding (Ref. 48636). Monogamous (Ref. 52884). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and genetic (Ref. 52884). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Does not have a juvenile bisexual phase and all males have the typical testicular morphology of gonochores (Ref. 103751).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Ameaça para o homem
ReferênciasAquaculturaPerfil para aquaculturaEstirpesGenéticaFrequência dos alelosHereditariedadeDoençasProcessamentoNutrientsMass conversion
Fontes da internet
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.1 - 28.9, mean 27.8 °C (based on 458 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02884 (0.01670 - 0.04979), b=3.05 (2.90 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.30 se; based on food items.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179
): Elevada, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população menor que 15 meses (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 98.4 [59.0, 166.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.883 [0.582, 1.417] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.7, 19.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.135 [0.085, 0.209] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.6 [15.3, 52.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 42.7 [13.5, 138.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.55 [1.04, 2.27] mg/100g (wet weight);