Acanthochromis polyacanthus, Spiny chromis

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Acanthochromis polyacanthus (Bleeker, 1855)

Spiny chromis
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Acanthochromis polyacanthus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Ovalentaria/misc (Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae (Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Acanthochromis: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, chromis = a marine fish without identification, dealing with perch; cited by Plinius (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; standvastig; diepteverspreiding 1 - 65 m (Ref. 9710), usually 4 - 20 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical; 15°N - 26°S, 116°E - 169°E (Ref. 56301)

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Western Pacific: Indonesia and the Philippines to northeastern Australia and Melanesia.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 48636)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 17; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 14-16; Anale stekels 2; Anale zachte stralen: 14 - 16.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit inshore and offshore coral reefs (Ref. 9710). Also found in harbors, lagoons and outer reef slopes. The only pomacentrid species that lacks a pelagic larval stage. One of the very few marine fishes where fry are guarded by the parents (Ref. 9710, 48636). School as they grow and sub-adults are usually seen in small groups. Adults form pairs and are territorial when breeding (Ref. 48636). Monogamous (Ref. 52884). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and genetic (Ref. 52884). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Does not have a juvenile bisexual phase and all males have the typical testicular morphology of gonochores (Ref. 103751).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Allen, Gerald R. | Medewerkers

Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 November 2010

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.1 - 28.9, mean 27.8 °C (based on 458 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02884 (0.01670 - 0.04979), b=3.05 (2.90 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.30 se; based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 98.4 [59.0, 166.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.883 [0.582, 1.417] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.7, 19.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.135 [0.085, 0.209] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.6 [15.3, 52.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 42.7 [13.5, 138.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.55 [1.04, 2.27] mg/100g (wet weight);