Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Cottoidei
() > Liparidae
Etymology: Paraliparis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, liparis = fat (Ref. 45335); plicatus: From the Latin plico, fold, indicating the skin fold in front of the chin pore pair (Ref. 90026). More on author: Stein.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 1431 - 1658 m (Ref. 90026). Polar
Southern Ocean: known only from the type, collected between 1431–1658 m on the northwest edge of Mawson Bank (Ref. 90026).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.6 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Chin pores closely paired with an anterior crescent-shaped tissue fold. Teeth uniserial in premaxilla except near symphysis, where irregularly bi-or tri-serial for 9-10 teeth; mandibular teeth uniserial, gradually smaller anteriorly. V 66, P 21, C 7. Radials 4 (3+1), unnotched; scapula with strong helve, coracoid with a narrow dorsal slit. HL 16% SL, upper jaw about 36, anus-anal fin origin 177, chin pore interspace 2-3% HL. Body color purplish (Ref. 90026).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stein, D.L., 2012. Snailfishes (Family Liparidae) of the Ross Sea, Antarctica, and Closely Adjacent Waters. Zootaxa 3285:1-120. (Ref. 90026)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00219 - 0.00998), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .