Scymnodon macracanthus, Largespine velvet dogfish

Scymnodon macracanthus (Regan, 1906)

Largespine velvet dogfish
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Scymnodon macracanthus
Female picture by Duffy, C.

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes(Genere, Specie) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchi (squali e razze) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Somniosidae (Sleeper sharks)
Etymology: Scymnodon: scymnus, an ancient name for some kind of shark, derived from a Greek word meaning young animal, cub or whelp; odon (Gr.), tooth, referring to large, triangular cutting teeth on lower jaw of S. ringens. (See ETYFish);  macracanthus: macro-, from makros (Gr.), long or large; acanthus (L.), from akantha (Gr.), thorn, referring to stout, prominent dorsal-fin spines. (See ETYFish).
More on author: Regan.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marino batidemersale; distribuzione batimetrica 650 - 920 m (Ref. 26346). Deep-water; 50°S - 54°S

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Southeast Pacific: Straits of Magellan. Southwest Pacific: New Zealand (Ref. 26346). Southwest Atlantic: Argentina (Ref. 58839).

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 68.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 247)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 2; Spine anali 0; Raggi anali molli: 0. Dark brown or blackish in color, dorsal fins with fairly prominent fin spines, moderately long snout, lanceolate upper teeth and bladelike lower teeth with short, oblique cusps, stocky body that tapers abruptly from pectoral region, and moderately large tricuspidate and tricarinate lateral trunk denticles (Ref. 247).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

A rare species inhabiting lower continental slopes (Ref. 26346). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Ovoviviparous (Ref. 26346). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)

  Data deficient (DD) ; Date assessed: 04 July 2017

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesca: di nessun interesse
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
Aree FAO
Ecosystems
Presenze
Introduzioni
Stocks
Ecologia
Dieta
Prede
Consumo di cibo
Razione
Nomi Comuni
Sinonimi
Metabolismo
Predatori
Ecotossicologia
Riproduzione
Maturità
Deposizione
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Uova
Egg development
Age/Size
Accrescimento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometria
Morfologia
Larve
Dinamica popolazioni larvali
Reclutamento
Abbondanza
BRUVS
Bibliografia
Acquacoltura
Profilo di acquacoltura
Varietà
Genetica
Frequenze alleliche
Ereditarietà
Malattie
Elaborazione
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Collaboratori
Immagini
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suoni
Ciguatera
Velocità
Modalità di nuoto
Area branchiale
Otoliths
Cervelli
Vista

Strumenti

Special reports

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Fonti Internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genere, Specie | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, ricerca | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5313   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00176 - 0.00943), b=3.13 (2.94 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilienza (Ref. 120179):  Basso, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 4.5 - 14 anni (Fec assumed to be <100).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .