Scymnodon macracanthus, Largespine velvet dogfish

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Scymnodon macracanthus (Regan, 1906)

Largespine velvet dogfish
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Image of Scymnodon macracanthus (Largespine velvet dogfish)
Scymnodon macracanthus
Female picture by Duffy, C.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (Haie und Rochen) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Somniosidae (Sleeper sharks)
Etymology: Scymnodon: scymnus, an ancient name for some kind of shark, derived from a Greek word meaning young animal, cub or whelp; odon (Gr.), tooth, referring to large, triangular cutting teeth on lower jaw of S. ringens. (See ETYFish);  macracanthus: macro-, from makros (Gr.), long or large; acanthus (L.), from akantha (Gr.), thorn, referring to stout, prominent dorsal-fin spines. (See ETYFish).
More on author: Regan.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser bathydemersal; tiefenbereich 650 - 920 m (Ref. 26346). Deep-water; 50°S - 54°S

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Southeast Pacific: Straits of Magellan. Southwest Pacific: New Zealand (Ref. 26346). Southwest Atlantic: Argentina (Ref. 58839).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 68.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 247)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 2; Afterflossenstacheln 0; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 0. Dark brown or blackish in color, dorsal fins with fairly prominent fin spines, moderately long snout, lanceolate upper teeth and bladelike lower teeth with short, oblique cusps, stocky body that tapers abruptly from pectoral region, and moderately large tricuspidate and tricarinate lateral trunk denticles (Ref. 247).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

A rare species inhabiting lower continental slopes (Ref. 26346). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Ovoviviparous (Ref. 26346). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 125652)

  Daten mangelhaft (DD) ; Date assessed: 04 July 2017

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: nicht kommerziell
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Mehr Information

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Ablaichen
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Eier
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Alter/Größe
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Laute
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Geschwindigkeit
Schwimmstil
Kiemenoberfläche
Otoliths
Gehirngröße
Sehfähigkeit

Tools

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Internet Quellen

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5313   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00176 - 0.00943), b=3.13 (2.94 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert 4,5 - 14 Jahre. (Fec assumed to be <100).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .