(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Abudefduf: Arabic, abu = father; this fish is the leader of the reef against other species (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Quoy & Gaimard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; marinhas associadas(os) a recifes; oceanódromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 1 - 15 m (Ref. 30874). Tropical; 36°N - 39°S, 26°E - 143°W
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and eastern Africa to the Line and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia. Recorded in Bay of Islands, New Zealand (Ref. 35942). Often confused with the closely related Atlantic species Abudefduf saxatilis (Ref. 7247).
Comprimento de primeira maturação / Tamanho / Peso / Idade
Maturity: Lm 12.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 4391)
Espinhos dorsais (total): 13; Raios dorsais (total): 12-14; Espinhos anais 2; Raios anais : 11 - 13. This species is characterized by having the following features: body depth 1.5-1.8 in SL; forked caudal fin; colour of body blue-green dorsally, shading to silvery white ventrally; five broad bluish black bars the first just behind the head, the narrow fifth on caudal peduncle, the third to fifth extending into the dorsal fin; dorsal part of body between the first and third dark bars often yellow (yellowish hue on anterodorsal part of the body apparent especially during courtship and nesting); caudal fin without dark bands (Ref. 11441, 90102).
Adults inhabit upper edge of outer reef slopes and inshore rocky reefs. Juveniles associated with drifting seaweed (Ref. 12114, 12115). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feed on zooplankton, benthic algae, and small invertebrates (Ref. 1602). Often in aggregations (Ref. 9710) feeding at midwater or tending nests among rocks and coral ledges (Ref. 90102). In large numbers at spawning sites that are timed with large tides that carry their pelagic offspring far offshore (Ref. 48636). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Ciclo de vida ou comportamento de acasalamento
Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Ameaça para os humanos
Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)
Uso pelos humanos
Pescarias: pesca de subsistência; Aquário: Espécies comerciais
ReferênciasAquaculturaPerfil para aquaculturaEstirpesGenéticaFrequências alélicasHereditariedadeDoençasProcessamentoNutrientsConversão de massa
Fontes da internet
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.9 - 29.3, mean 28.2 °C (based on 3494 cells).
Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02630 (0.01517 - 0.04562), b=3.02 (2.88 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 1.3 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179
): Elevada, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população menor que 15 meses (K=0.85).
Prior r = 1.20, 95% CL = 0.79 - 1.80, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 78 [47, 128] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.824 [0.548, 1.305] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.7, 19.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.126 [0.080, 0.192] g/100g ; Selenium = 30.9 [17.3, 56.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 33 [10, 107] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.43 [0.96, 2.09] mg/100g (wet weight);