Bodianus bilunulatus, Tarry hogfish : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

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Bodianus bilunulatus (Lacepède 1801)

Tarry hogfish
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Bodianus bilunulatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Actinopteri > Eupercaria/misc () 鱸形目 () > Labridae (Wrasses) 隆頭魚科 (Wrasses) > Bodianinae
Etymology: Bodianus: Bodianus after Bodiano or Pudiano, from the Portuguese pudor, meaning modesty (Jordan & Evermann, 1896).;  bilunulatus: Name formed from the Latin adverb bis, for twice and Latin diminutive noun lunula (luna + ulus) for 'somewhat like the moon'; apparently referring to the lunate caudal fin (double emarginate with filamentous lobes) of the type specimen (Ref. 75973).  More on author: Lacepède.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 3 - 160 m (Ref. 9823).   熱帶; 30°N - 30°S

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Indo-West Pacific: east coast of Africa to Japan, the Philippines and New Caledonia.
印度-西太平洋: 非連續分布包括一個區域從西印度洋到西太平洋, 與第二個區域包括夏威夷與南方的玻利尼西亞列島群島到皮特凱恩島而且西至美屬薩摩亞。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 4392); 最大体重: 1.8 kg (Ref. 4887)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 12; 背的软条 (总数): 10; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 12. Young easily identified by the unusual coloration. Adults normally have an oval shaped black saddle near the tail, but it may become indistinct in large males (Ref. 48636).
幼鱼容易地鉴别特徵为罕见的颜色了。 成鱼通常有一个在尾部附近的椭圆形的黑色鞍状斑,但是它可能变成不明显在大的雄性中。 (参考文献 48636)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults occur on deep reef slopes rich with invertebrates such as sponges and seawhips, but young adults are occasionally seen much shallower (Ref. 48636). Usually solitary in coral and rocky reefs. Feed mainly on benthic, hard-shelled, invertebrates such as mollusks and crustaceans. Protogynous (Ref. 55080). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

生活于深的礁斜坡有丰富的无脊椎动物例如海绵与海鞭子,但是年轻的成鱼偶然地被见到在水非常浅处。 (参考文献 48636) 通常独居性的在珊瑚礁与岩礁中。 主要吃底栖性, 具有硬壳的, 无脊椎动物例如软件动物与甲壳动物。 雌性先熟的.(参考文献 55080)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Size at sex change: 38.6-40.5 cm L (Ref. 55080).印度-西太平洋: 非連續分布包括一個區域從西印度洋到西太平洋, 與第二個區域包括夏威夷與南方的玻利尼西亞列島群島到皮特凱恩島而且西至美屬薩摩亞。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Westneat, Mark | 合作者

Westneat, M.W., 2001. Labridae. Wrasses, hogfishes, razorfishes, corises, tuskfishes. p. 3381-3467. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9823)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 March 2008

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的 (Ref. 4887)





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 游钓鱼种: 是的; 水族馆: 商业性
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.6 - 28.8, mean 27.4 °C (based on 932 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00556 - 0.02601), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.49 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.