Albula esuncula, Eastern Pacific bonefish

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Albula esuncula (Garman, 1899)

Eastern Pacific bonefish
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drawing shows typical species in Albulidae.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Albuliformes (Bonefishes) > Albulidae (Bonefishes) > Albulinae
Etymology: Albula: Latin, albus = white (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Garman.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin; saumâtre récifal.   Tropical

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: southern Gulf of California, Mexico to at least San Pablo, Ecuador.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 84196)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 17-18; Rayons mous anaux: 8 - 9. Distinguished from A. gilberti by diagnostic nucleotide substitutions at 17 different sites in the 544 bp cytb gene segment. In A. esuncula, the pelvic-fin tip does not surpass the anterior edge of the anus whereas it may reach the posterior edge in A. gilberti. In A. esuncula, the number of pelvic-fin rays is always 10 whereas it varies from 9 to 12 in A. gilberti. Lateral-line scale counts and numbers of rakers on the first gill arch are lower in A. esuncula (68–71 vs. 68–73 and 3–8 vs. 4–10, respectively). Since we examined only four or nine specimens of A. esuncula, according to the characteristic, the diagnostic value of the meristic differences between both species and the position of the pelvic-fin tip should not be considered validated yet and be used with caution (Ref. 88068).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Spawning occurs in open waters. Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 205).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Pfeiler, E., B.G. Bitler, R. Ulloa, A.M. van der Heiden and P.A. Hastings, 2008. Molecular identification of the bonefish Albula esuncula (Albuliformes: Albulidae) from the tropical eastern Pacific, with comments on distribution and morphology. Copeia 2008(4):763-770. (Ref. 84196)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 May 2008

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genre, Espèce | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: génôme, nucléotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | OsteoBase: skull, spine | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia: aller à, chercher | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5007   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00603 - 0.02398), b=3.03 (2.85 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .