Hemiscyllium michaeli, Leopard Epaulette shark

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Hemiscyllium michaeli Allen & Dudgeon, 2010

Leopard Epaulette shark
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Hemiscyllium michaeli   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hemiscyllium michaeli (Leopard Epaulette shark)
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical species in Hemiscylliidae.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (Haie und Rochen) (sharks and rays) > Orectolobiformes (Carpet sharks) > Hemiscylliidae (Bamboo sharks)
Etymology: Hemiscyllium: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, skylla = a kind of shark (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser benthopelagisch; tiefenbereich 2 - 20 m (Ref. 90102), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C -

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Pacific Ocean: Eastern Papua New Guinea (Ref. 83755).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 69.5 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 83755)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

The species was previously confused with H. freycineti, which is restricted to Papua Barat Province (western New Guinea), Indonesia. The two species differ primarily in colour pattern, which provides the best means of separating the various members of the genus. Both species have a profuse covering of brown spots with a large black or brown ocellated marking on the middle of the side, just behind the head. The spots of H. michaeli are generally denser, larger, and distinctly polygonal, remarkably similar to the spots of a leopard. In contrast those of H. freycineti are round to transversely elongate and are darkened at regular intervals to form 8-9 bars or saddle-like markings (including those on the tail). The difference in spot pattern between the two species is particularly evident in the head region. In addition, H. michaeli possesses a vivid ocellate black spot behind the head, whereas the black spot of H. freycineti is generally not well defined. Comparison of the mitochondrial ND4 gene also supports the species-level separation of these species.

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Allen, G.R. and C.L. Dudgeon, 2010. Hemiscyllium michaeli, a new species of Bamboo Shark (Hemiscyllidae) from Papua New Guinea. aqua, Int. J. Ichthyol. 16(1):19-30. (Ref. 83755)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 124695)

  gefährdet, siehe IUCN Red List (VU) (B2ab(ii,iii,v)); Date assessed: 04 May 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

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Internet Quellen

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00398 (0.00177 - 0.00897), b=3.09 (2.89 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Widerstandsfähigkeit
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .