Parupeneus fraserorum

Parupeneus fraserorum Randall & King, 2009

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Parupeneus fraserorum
Picture by King, D.R.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Mulliformes (Goatfishes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river;  fraserorum: Named collectively for Michael D. Fraser and Valda J. Fraser.  More on authors: Randall & King.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin récifal; profondeur 40 - 81 m (Ref. 82839), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C -

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: South Africa and Madagascar.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.3 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 82839)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 8; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 9; Épines anales 1; Rayons mous anaux: 7; Vertèbres: 24. This species is distinguished by the following characters: 16 or 17 pectoral-fin rays; 6 + 21 or 22 gill rakers; body depth 2.8-2.9 in SL; head length 2.8-2.9 in SL; snout length 1.8-1.85 in HL; posterior margin of maxilla symmetrically convex; barbels 1.3-1.35 in HL; third dorsal spine longest, 1.8-2.0 in HL; longest dorsal ray 3.15-3.3 in HL; penultimate dorsal-fin ray only slightly shorter than last ray; pectoral-fin length 1.2-1.25 in HL; pelvic-fin length 1.35-1.5 in HL; in life, has an orange-yellow stripe following lateral line with body above the stripe pale brown and below stripe white with light blue iridescence centrally in each scale, posteriorly becoming a smaller, more defined spot; scale edges narrowly dark; upper end of gill opening with a dark brown spot about half pupil diameter in height; faint oblique blue lines anterior and posterior to eye; second dorsal and anal fins with wavy blue lines; caudal fin with iridescent blue longitudinal streaks; pectoral fins with a light red bar at base; white barbels (Ref. 82839).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits sand bottom areas near edge of low profile reefs, usually solitary, occasionally in loose pairs (Ref. 82839).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Randall, John E. | Collaborateurs

Randall, J.E. and D.R. King, 2009. Parupeneus fraserorum, a new species of goatfish (Perciformes: Mullidae) from South Africa and Madagascar. Smithiana Bull. 10:31-35. (Ref. 82839)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 124695)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 August 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Sources Internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genre, Espèce | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: génôme, nucléotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia: aller à, chercher | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.5 - 26.4, mean 25.4 °C (based on 12 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00556 - 0.02601), b=3.10 (2.93 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .