Parupeneus fraserorum

Parupeneus fraserorum Randall & King, 2009

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Parupeneus fraserorum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Parupeneus fraserorum
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Mulliformes (Goatfishes) 鱸形目 (Goatfishes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes) 鬚鯛科 (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river;  fraserorum: Named collectively for Michael D. Fraser and Valda J. Fraser.  More on authors: Randall & King.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 40 - 81 m (Ref. 82839), usually - m (Ref. ).   

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: South Africa and Madagascar.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.3 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 82839)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 8; 背的軟條 (總數): 9; 臀棘 1; 臀鰭軟條: 7; 脊椎骨: 24. This species is distinguished by the following characters: 16 or 17 pectoral-fin rays; 6 + 21 or 22 gill rakers; body depth 2.8-2.9 in SL; head length 2.8-2.9 in SL; snout length 1.8-1.85 in HL; posterior margin of maxilla symmetrically convex; barbels 1.3-1.35 in HL; third dorsal spine longest, 1.8-2.0 in HL; longest dorsal ray 3.15-3.3 in HL; penultimate dorsal-fin ray only slightly shorter than last ray; pectoral-fin length 1.2-1.25 in HL; pelvic-fin length 1.35-1.5 in HL; in life, has an orange-yellow stripe following lateral line with body above the stripe pale brown and below stripe white with light blue iridescence centrally in each scale, posteriorly becoming a smaller, more defined spot; scale edges narrowly dark; upper end of gill opening with a dark brown spot about half pupil diameter in height; faint oblique blue lines anterior and posterior to eye; second dorsal and anal fins with wavy blue lines; caudal fin with iridescent blue longitudinal streaks; pectoral fins with a light red bar at base; white barbels (Ref. 82839).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits sand bottom areas near edge of low profile reefs, usually solitary, occasionally in loose pairs (Ref. 82839).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Randall, John E. | 合作者

Randall, J.E. and D.R. King, 2009. Parupeneus fraserorum, a new species of goatfish (Perciformes: Mullidae) from South Africa and Madagascar. Smithiana Bull. 10:31-35. (Ref. 82839)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 124695)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 August 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 





人類使用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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網路資源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因組, 核甘 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia: , 搜尋 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.5 - 26.4, mean 25.4 °C (based on 12 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00556 - 0.02601), b=3.10 (2.93 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .