Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Phoxininae
Etymology: Phoxinus: Greek, phoxinos = certain river fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Europe and Asia: Veleka and Resowska drainages, draining from Strandzha to Black Sea in Bulgaria and Turkey.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from its congeners in Europe by having anal fin origin below or behind base of last dorsal ray, anal fin length about ¾ of caudal peduncle length in adults, straight to slightly convex anal fin margin, distance between tip of first and last branched anal rays 0.8-1.2 times caudal peduncle depth (with fin stretched out), patches of breast scales connected anteriorly across the throat, lateral line reaching almost to end of caudal peduncle, a midlateral row of vertically elongated blotches whose depth is about 1/3-1/2 of body depth at same position in persevered individuals, caudal peduncle depth 2.5-2.8 times in its length and interorbital width 30-35% HL (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits small streams with clear, well oxygenated water, over gravel to stone bottom. Maximum size reaches up to at least 6.7 cm SL (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00199 - 0.01264), b=3.14 (2.92 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .