Polydactylus sexfilis, Sixfinger threadfin : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish, aquarium

Polydactylus sexfilis (Valenciennes 1831)

Sixfinger threadfin
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Polydactylus sexfilis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Carangaria/misc () > Polynemidae (Threadfins)
Etymology: Polydactylus: Greek, poly = a lot of + greek, daktylos = finger (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marino; acqua dolce; salmastro associati a barriera corallina; distribuzione batimetrica 1 - 50 m (Ref. 57343), usually 20 - 50 m (Ref. 9685).   Tropical; 34°N - 23°S, 50°E - 148°W (Ref. 57343)

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: mainly around oceanic islands. Known from Mauritius, Seychelles, Kenya and many islands of the northern Indian Ocean; then from Indonesia north to the Ryukyu, Ogasawara and Yaeyama islands and east to the Hawaiian Islands, French Polynesia and Pitcairn. Has not been collected in Australia (Ref. 57343).

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 4887); peso massimo pubblicato: 3.2 kg (Ref. 4699)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 9; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 13; Spine anali 3; Raggi anali molli: 11. Body uniformly golden silver; occasionally with several faint dark stripes along longitudinal scale rows above and below lateral line. Pectoral filaments 6 with tip of uppermost filament reaching to or slightly beyond level of posterior tip of upper part of pectoral fin (Ref. 41110).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

This schooling species occurs along sandy and rocky shorelines and over sandy lagoon bottoms, often in zones of turbulence (Ref. 9685). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Often encountered in river mouths or brackish mangrove estuaries. Feeds mainly on crustaceans (shrimps and crabs), polychaete worms, other benthic invertebrates; also on teleosts (Ref. 9685). A lunar spawning rhythm occurs close to shore (Ref. 9685). Sexual maturity in males occurs at 12 to 15 cm (Ref. 9685). Subsequently undergoes sex reversal passing through a hermaphroditic stage, and become female between 18 and 24 cm (Ref. 9685). The potential of this species for aquaculture has been studied (Ref. 9685).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Motomura, H., 2004. Threadfins of the world (Family Polynemidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of polynemid species known to date. FAO Spec. Cat. Fish. Purp. Rome: FAO. 3:117 p. (Ref. 57343)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesca: commerciale; Acquacoltura: sperimentale; Pesce da pesca sportiva: si; Acquario: Commerciale
FAO(Acquacoltura: production; ; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
Aree FAO
Ecosystems
Presenze
Introduzioni
Stocks
Ecologia
Dieta
Prede
Consumo di cibo
Razione
Nomi Comuni
Sinonimi
Metabolismo
Predatori
Ecotossicologia
Riproduzione
Maturità
Deposizione
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Uova
Egg development
Age/Size
Accrescimento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometria
Morfologia
Larve
Dinamica popolazioni larvali
Reclutamento
Abbondanza
BRUVS
Bibliografia
Acquacoltura
Profilo di acquacoltura
Varietà
Genetica
Frequenze alleliche
Ereditarietà
Malattie
Elaborazione
Mass conversion
Collaboratori
Immagini
Stamps, Coins Misc.
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Velocità
Modalità di nuoto
Area branchiale
Otoliths
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Strumenti

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.1 - 29, mean 27.9 °C (based on 1038 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.01040 - 0.03184), b=3.11 (2.95 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.49 se; based on food items.
Resilienza (Ref. 120179):  Medio, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 1.4 - 4.4 anni (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.