Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Scyliorhinidae
Etymology: Cephaloscyllium: Greek, kephale = head + skylion = dogfish (Ref. 80388); hiscosellum: Name from Latin 'hisco' meaning open and 'sella' for saddle, refers to the distinctive open-centred saddle-like markings which dominate the colour pattern of this species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 294 - 420 m (Ref. 76949), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Eastern Indian Ocean: Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 46 - 46.3 cm
Max length : 46.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76949); 52.0 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
A small species with the following characters: head 8.9-13.1% TL in height, trunk width 12.9-19.1% TL; origin of first dorsal-fin usually over mid pelvic-fin base; prenarial length 4.5-5.2% TL; preorbital snout length 1.4-1.6 times prenarial length, 2.6-3.1 in prepectoral length, 5.9-6.7 in prepelvic length; snout-vent length long, 46.2-51.2% TL; nostril 2.5-3.1% TL in width; eye-spiracle space wide, 0.8-1.2% TL; pectoral fin moderate-sized, height 8.7-12.2% TL, posterior margin length 7.4-11.4% TL; anal fin relatively low, height 2.8-3.7% TL; anal-caudal space 5.4-6.5% TL; precaudal length 76.4-79.2% TL; interdorsal space 7.4-9.6% TL; teeth with 3-5 cusps near symphysis of upper jaw; flank denticles are mainly unicuspidate; back without greatly enlarged denticles; long adult clasper, up to 9.3% TL, reaching anal-fin origin; vertebral centra 100-108; low tooth count, each jaw with teeth between 45 and 63; dorsal surface with a striking pattern of dark brown, open-centered saddles (Ref. 76949).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
White, W.T. and D.A. Ebert, 2008. Cephaloscyllium hiscosellum sp. nov., a new swell shark (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae) from Northwestern Australia. pp. 147-157. In P.R. Last, W.T. White and J.J. Pogonoski (eds). Descriptions of new Australian chondrichthyans. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper no. 22. 365 p. (Ref. 76949)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.7 - 12.5, mean 11.8 °C (based on 14 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00331 (0.00170 - 0.00646), b=3.15 (2.97 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .