Lactoria cornuta, Longhorn cowfish : aquarium

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Lactoria cornuta (Linnaeus, 1758)

Longhorn cowfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Lactoria cornuta   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lactoria cornuta (Longhorn cowfish)
Lactoria cornuta
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Ostraciidae (Boxfishes)
Etymology: Lactoria: Latin, concerned with milk (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser riff-verbunden; standorttreu; tiefenbereich 1 - 100 m (Ref. 9661), usually 1 - 50 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical; 42°N - 35°S, 18°E - 123°W

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea (Ref. 12541) and East Africa (Ref. 12484) to the Marquesan and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island (Ref. 9710).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 46.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3141); common length : 40.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 9661)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 0; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 8-9; Afterflossenstacheln 0; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 8 - 9. Cryptic coloring ranges from green and olive to orange with blue spots (Ref. 3141). Caudal fin rays 9-10 (Ref. 1602).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Inhabit inshore on coastal muddy or sandy habitats in still bays, and commonly found in harbours and estuaries. Small juveniles on protected shallow mudflats (Ref. 48637). Found in weedy areas near rocks or reefs. Juveniles often near river mouths and in brackish water. Adults are solitary, juveniles often form small groups (Ref. 1602). Large adults are shy (Ref. 48637). Feed on benthic invertebrates by blowing away the sand (Ref. 1602). Readily dried and used to make ornaments (Ref. 12484).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Matsuura, Keiichi | Partner

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 4690)





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: nicht kommerziell; Aquarium: Kommerziell
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mehr Information

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 21.9 - 28.4, mean 27.2 (based on 532 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02042 (0.01210 - 0.03446), b=2.77 (2.61 - 2.93), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (Fec assumed to be > 10,000).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .