Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Liparidae
Etymology: Careproctus: Greek, kara = face + Greek, proktos = anus (Ref. 45335); rotundifrons: Name from Latin ‘rotund’ for rounded and ‘frons’ meaning front; refers to its rounded forehead.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 521 - 1100 m (Ref. 75204). Deep-water; 38°N - 34°N, 138°E - 142°E (Ref. 75204)
Northwest Pacific: Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75204); 104.4 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 41 - 45;
Vertebrae: 53 - 56. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D 47-50; A 41-45; pectoral-fin rays 34-40; vertebrae 10-11+42-46=53-56; eye diameter 5.6-7.2% SL; disk length 4.6-7.1% SL; interorbital width 9.9-13.5% SL; outer margin of pectoral fin is slightly notched; pectoral radials 4 (3+1) without notches; ribs 2-3; scapula notch present; pyloric caeca 15-29; dark brown peritoneum; pale colored stomach, oral cavity, and pyloric caeca (Ref. 75204).
Mature and immature specimens were captured by bait traps on the sea floor; apparently benthic. This is observed to swim searching for food fallen on the bottom and frequently to stay on the acrylic glass or walls of a tank using the ventral disk from individuals on display at Tokyo Sea Life Park. Captured together with A holosaurid (Aldrovandia affinis), a psychrolutid (Ebinania vermiculata), and 2 zoarcids (Ericandersonia sagamia and Japonolycodes abei) in the same traps in Sagami Bay, indicating the likelihood of their sharing similar habitat. Females have an ovipositor in the abdominal cavity and it is everted to outside the body when the abdominal cavity is pressed (Ref. 75204).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sakurai, H. and G. Shinohara, 2008. Careproctus rotundifrons, a new snailfish (Scorpaeniformes: Liparidae) from Japan. Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci. Ser. A. Suppl. 2:39-45. (Ref. 75204)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00188 - 0.00927), b=3.20 (3.02 - 3.38), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (79 of 100) .