分类 / Names
俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays)
(Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436). More on authors: White, Last & Yearsley.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海洋 底中水层性; 深度上下限 1 - 100 m (Ref. 58445).
Eastern Indian Ocean: Indonesia.
Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄
Maturity: Lm ?, range 43 - ? cm
Max length : 52.2 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 58445); 78.0 cm TL (female)
型态特徵 | 形态测量图
This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: slender body of moderate size, depth 9-10.6% TL; relatively narrow and very short snout, horizontal prenarial length is 8.4-9.1% TL; large eyes, length 5.1-5.6% TL; secondary lobe of anterior nasal flap is well developed; small dorsal fins that are strongly raked; first dorsal-fin spine is moderate, broad-based while the second dorsal-fin spine is moderate, robust and broad-based; weakly falcate pectoral fin in adults its inner margin relatively short, 6.9-7.8% TL; caudal fin with a short, broad caudal bar, enlarged upper caudal blotch and the fringe is located distally on lobe in juveniles; flank denticles are broadly unicuspidate to weakly tricuspidate; monospondylous centra 35-38, precaudal centra 72-76, total centra 96-100 (Ref. 58445).
Apparently occurs on or near the bottom of upper continental and insular slopes, but depth distribution is undetermined; probably on shallower water than its congeners. Presumably feeds on small fishes, cephalopods and crustaceans. Viviparous, with yolk-sac dependency. Gives birth to 3 -10 pups, but gestation period is unknown. Males mature at about 43 cm TL and females by 61 cm TL; with largest embryo measured at 18 cm. The species is a very common catch component fo the demersal longline fishery in deepwater areas in eastern Indonesia. It is caught for its meat, fins and liver oil (Ref. 58042).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | 卵 | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼
Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
White, W.T., P.R. Last and G.K. Yearsley, 2007. Squalus hemipinnis sp. Nov., a new short-snout spurdog from eastern Indonesia. pp. 101-108. In P.R. Last, W.T. White and J.J. Pogonoski Descriptions of new dogfishes of the genus Squalus (Squaloidea: Squalidae). CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 014. 130 pp. (Ref. 58445)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.声音神经毒速度泳型鳃区Otoliths脑重体重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.6 - 28.7, mean 28.3 (based on 20 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00331 (0.00153 - 0.00716), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179
): 非常低的, 最小族群倍增时间超过14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .