Squalus hemipinnis, Indonesian shortsnout spurdog

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Squalus hemipinnis White, Last & Yearsley, 2007

Indonesian shortsnout spurdog
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Squalus hemipinnis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Squalus hemipinnis (Indonesian shortsnout spurdog)
Squalus hemipinnis
Female picture by Krajangdara, T. & S. Rodpradit

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchi (squali e razze) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae (Dogfish sharks)
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436).  More on authors: White, Last & Yearsley.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marino benthopelagico; distribuzione batimetrica 1 - 100 m (Ref. 58445).   Tropical

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: Indonesia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 43 - ? cm
Max length : 52.2 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 58445); 78.0 cm TL (female)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: slender body of moderate size, depth 9-10.6% TL; relatively narrow and very short snout, horizontal prenarial length is 8.4-9.1% TL; large eyes, length 5.1-5.6% TL; secondary lobe of anterior nasal flap is well developed; small dorsal fins that are strongly raked; first dorsal-fin spine is moderate, broad-based while the second dorsal-fin spine is moderate, robust and broad-based; weakly falcate pectoral fin in adults its inner margin relatively short, 6.9-7.8% TL; caudal fin with a short, broad caudal bar, enlarged upper caudal blotch and the fringe is located distally on lobe in juveniles; flank denticles are broadly unicuspidate to weakly tricuspidate; monospondylous centra 35-38, precaudal centra 72-76, total centra 96-100 (Ref. 58445).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Apparently occurs on or near the bottom of upper continental and insular slopes, but depth distribution is undetermined; probably on shallower water than its congeners. Presumably feeds on small fishes, cephalopods and crustaceans. Viviparous, with yolk-sac dependency. Gives birth to 3 -10 pups, but gestation period is unknown. Males mature at about 43 cm TL and females by 61 cm TL; with largest embryo measured at 18 cm. The species is a very common catch component fo the demersal longline fishery in deepwater areas in eastern Indonesia. It is caught for its meat, fins and liver oil (Ref. 58042).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Collaboratori

White, W.T., P.R. Last and G.K. Yearsley, 2007. Squalus hemipinnis sp. Nov., a new short-snout spurdog from eastern Indonesia. pp. 101-108. In P.R. Last, W.T. White and J.J. Pogonoski Descriptions of new dogfishes of the genus Squalus (Squaloidea: Squalidae). CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 014. 130 pp. (Ref. 58445)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Near Threatened (NT) ; Date assessed: 01 December 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
Aree FAO
Ecosystems
Presenze
Introduzioni
Stocks
Ecologia
Dieta
Prede
Consumo di cibo
Razione
Nomi Comuni
Sinonimi
Metabolismo
Predatori
Ecotossicologia
Riproduzione
Maturità
Deposizione
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Uova
Egg development
Age/Size
Accrescimento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometria
Morfologia
Larve
Dinamica popolazioni larvali
Reclutamento
Abbondanza
Bibliografia
Acquacoltura
Profilo di acquacoltura
Varietà
Genetica
Frequenze alleliche
Ereditarietà
Malattie
Elaborazione
Mass conversion
Collaboratori
Immagini
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suoni
Ciguatera
Velocità
Modalità di nuoto
Area branchiale
Otoliths
Cervelli
Vista

Strumenti

Special reports

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Fonti Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, ricerca) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.6 - 28.7, mean 28.3 (based on 20 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00331 (0.00153 - 0.00716), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilienza (Ref. 120179):  Molto basso, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione più di 14 anni (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .