Rhinobatos jimbaranensis, Jimbaran shovelnose ray

Rhinobatos jimbaranensis Last, White & Fahmi, 2006

Jimbaran shovelnose ray
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (hajar och rockor) (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) > Rhinobatidae (Guitarfishes)
Etymology: Rhinobatos: Greek, rhinos = nose + Greek, batis, -idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335);  jimbaranensis: Named for its type locality, the Jimbaran Bay.  More on authors: Last, White & Fahmi.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina bentopelagisk.   Tropical

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to central Indonesia (Ref. 114953).

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm 76.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 89.2 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 74367); 99.4 cm TL (female)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

This species is defined by the following set of adult characters: disc wedge-shaped, width 32-33% TL, length more than 1.3 (1.35-1.39) times width; snout moderately elongate, length 3.4-3.6 times interspiracular distance, 5-5.5 times interorbital width; orbit medium-sized, 1.5-1.6 times spiracle length; nostrils weakly oblique, length 1.3-1.4 times internarial distance; preoral length 7.7-8.1 times internarial distance; anterior nasal flaps penetrating slightly into internarial space, however, well separated at their insertion; posterior nasal flaps broad; spiracular folds 2, outermost fold only slightly taller than inner fold; ridges of rostral cartilage almost parallel, converging slightly anteriorly but not constricted medially; anterior cartilage sickle shaped, pointed posteriorly; distance between fifth gill slits 3.1-3.4 times in ventral head length; prebranchial sensory pore patch obvious, extending to first gill slit; postscapular sensory canal obscure, without exposed lateral pores, not grooved; thorn patches on supraorbit, scapular region, and dorsal midline rudimentary, inconspicuous; inner margin of pelvic-fin slightly shorter than its base; interdorsal distance more than 2.5 (2.8-3.1) times first dorsal-fin base; dorsal caudal margin about 2.1 times preventral margin; upper jaw with 62-77 tooth rows; post-synarcual centra 176-180; nasal lamellae more than 50 (51-55); dorsal fin not distinctly bicolored; white spots absent on dorsal disc (Ref. 72461).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Demersal inshore on inner insular shelf. Mainly feeds on small crustaceans (Ref. 114953). The smallest pregnant female observed from this species was 74.7 cm TL; with pregnant females having 6-11 embryos, birth size unknown, but embryos well developed at 13 cm TL (Ref. 72461). Males mature at 77-80 cm TL. Females produces litters of 6-11 pups (Ref. 114953).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : McEachran, John | Medarbetare

Last, P.R., W.T. White and Fahmi, 2006. Rhinobatos jimbaranensis and R. penggali, two new shovelnose rays (Batoidea: Rhinobatidae) from eastern Indonesia. Cybium 30(3):261-271. (Ref. 72461)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Sårbar, se IUCNs rödlista (VU) (A2cd+3cd+4cd; B1ab(iii,v)); Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
Förekomster
Utplanteringar
Stocks
Ekologi
Föda
Födoslag
Födointag
Näringsinnehåll
Populärnamn
synonymer
Metabolik
Predatorer
Ekotoxikologi
Reproduktion
Könsmognad
Lek
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
Age/Size
Tillväxt
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometri
Morfologi
Larver
Larvdynamik
Rekrytering
Abundans
BRUVS
referenser
Vattenbruk
Vattenbruksprofil
Avelslinjer
Genetik
Allelfrekvenser
Ärftlighet
Sjukdomar
Behandling
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Medarbetare
Bilder
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Ljud
Ciguatera
Hastighet
Simsätt
Gälyta
Otoliths
Hjärnstorlek
Syn

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Special reports

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Internet-källor

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Släkte, Arter | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, sök | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00302 (0.00153 - 0.00594), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .