Rhinobatos jimbaranensis, Jimbaran shovelnose ray

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Rhinobatos jimbaranensis Last, White & Fahmi, 2006

Jimbaran shovelnose ray
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Image of Rhinobatos jimbaranensis (Jimbaran shovelnose ray)
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical species in Rhinobatidae.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes(Marga, Jenis) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulang rawan (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) > Rhinobatidae (Guitarfishes)
Etymology: Rhinobatos: Greek, rhinos = nose + Greek, batis, -idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335);  jimbaranensis: Named for its type locality, the Jimbaran Bay.  More on authors: Last, White & Fahmi.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut bentopelagis.   Tropical

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to central Indonesia (Ref. 114953).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 76.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 89.2 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 74367); 99.4 cm TL (female)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

This species is defined by the following set of adult characters: disc wedge-shaped, width 32-33% TL, length more than 1.3 (1.35-1.39) times width; snout moderately elongate, length 3.4-3.6 times interspiracular distance, 5-5.5 times interorbital width; orbit medium-sized, 1.5-1.6 times spiracle length; nostrils weakly oblique, length 1.3-1.4 times internarial distance; preoral length 7.7-8.1 times internarial distance; anterior nasal flaps penetrating slightly into internarial space, however, well separated at their insertion; posterior nasal flaps broad; spiracular folds 2, outermost fold only slightly taller than inner fold; ridges of rostral cartilage almost parallel, converging slightly anteriorly but not constricted medially; anterior cartilage sickle shaped, pointed posteriorly; distance between fifth gill slits 3.1-3.4 times in ventral head length; prebranchial sensory pore patch obvious, extending to first gill slit; postscapular sensory canal obscure, without exposed lateral pores, not grooved; thorn patches on supraorbit, scapular region, and dorsal midline rudimentary, inconspicuous; inner margin of pelvic-fin slightly shorter than its base; interdorsal distance more than 2.5 (2.8-3.1) times first dorsal-fin base; dorsal caudal margin about 2.1 times preventral margin; upper jaw with 62-77 tooth rows; post-synarcual centra 176-180; nasal lamellae more than 50 (51-55); dorsal fin not distinctly bicolored; white spots absent on dorsal disc (Ref. 72461).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Demersal inshore on inner insular shelf. Mainly feeds on small crustaceans (Ref. 114953). The smallest pregnant female observed from this species was 74.7 cm TL; with pregnant females having 6-11 embryos, birth size unknown, but embryos well developed at 13 cm TL (Ref. 72461). Males mature at 77-80 cm TL. Females produces litters of 6-11 pups (Ref. 114953).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : McEachran, John | mitra

Last, P.R., W.T. White and Fahmi, 2006. Rhinobatos jimbaranensis and R. penggali, two new shovelnose rays (Batoidea: Rhinobatidae) from eastern Indonesia. Cybium 30(3):261-271. (Ref. 72461)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 123251)

  Rentan, lihat daftar merah IUCN (VU) (A2cd+3cd+4cd; B1ab(iii,v)); Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

informasi lanjut

Negara-negara
Daerah-daerah FAO
Ecosystems
Kemunculan
Introduksi
Stocks
Ekologi
Makanan
Bahan makanan
Konsumsi makanan
Jatah
Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
BRUVS
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Nutrients
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

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Sumber internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | semak peneliti ikan | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Marga, Jenis | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genom, Nukleotida | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: pergi, Cari | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00302 (0.00153 - 0.00594), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .