Knipowitschia punctatissima, Italian spring goby

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Knipowitschia punctatissima (Canestrini, 1864)

Italian spring goby
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Image of Knipowitschia punctatissima (Italian spring goby)
Knipowitschia punctatissima
Picture by Sanna, F.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Knipowitschia: Because of N.M.Knipowitsch, a zoologist and Russian ichthyologist from the Academy of Sciences. Expeditions in "Pomor" and "Pervosvanniy" ships to Azov and Black sea (1898-1908).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; swasser demersal.   Temperate; 47°N - 44°N

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Europe: Italy and Croatia (Ref. 26100) and Slovenia (Ref. 119201).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm SL (female)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 8; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 7-8; Afterflossenstacheln 1; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 7; Wirbelzahl: 31. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: no head lateral line canals; scales only under pectoral; body of live breeding males with 10-15 dark, irregular bars; D1 7 rays, D2 8.5 branched rays, A 7-8.5 branched rays (Ref. 59043); interorbit with uniserial row of papillae flanking each orbit (Ref. 12215).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

A short-lived species (less than 2 years) which occurs in small and karstic springs and streams, densely vegetated channels and slow-flowing streams (Ref. 59043); with constant water temperature, on sand or gravel with or without vegetation, also in silty areas, provided that the water remains clear (Ref. 26100). Feeds on small invertebrates. Spawns after first winter (February-July); females may spawn more than once during this season. Males defend the eggs deposited in cavities under stones, plant material or shells. Postlarvae pelagic. This species is threatened by water abstraction, which lowers the water table and habitat destruction caused by desiccation of some springs (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Females may spawn more than once during a season (Ref. 59043).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Miller, P.J., 1990. The endurance of endemism: the Mediterranean freshwater gobies and their prospects for survival. J. Fish Biol. 37(Suppl.A):145-156. (Ref. 12215)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  Gefährdung zunehmend (NT) ; Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: nicht kommerziell
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Internet Quellen

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(Genom, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale Datenbanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Gehe zu, Suchen) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00418 - 0.01902), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .