Knipowitschia punctatissima, Italian spring goby

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Knipowitschia punctatissima (Canestrini, 1864)

Italian spring goby
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Knipowitschia punctatissima
Picture by Sanna, F.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) 鰕虎魚科 (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Knipowitschia: Because of N.M.Knipowitsch, a zoologist and Russian ichthyologist from the Academy of Sciences. Expeditions in "Pomor" and "Pervosvanniy" ships to Azov and Black sea (1898-1908).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 居於水底的.   溫帶; 47°N - 44°N

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Europe: Italy and Croatia (Ref. 26100) and Slovenia (Ref. 119201).
歐洲: 義大利東北方, 包括威尼托與東方的波河流域與克羅埃西亞。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm SL (female)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 8; 背的軟條 (總數): 7-8; 臀棘 1; 臀鰭軟條: 7; 脊椎骨: 31. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: no head lateral line canals; scales only under pectoral; body of live breeding males with 10-15 dark, irregular bars; D1 7 rays, D2 8.5 branched rays, A 7-8.5 branched rays (Ref. 59043); interorbit with uniserial row of papillae flanking each orbit (Ref. 12215).
沒有頭部側線管; 具有側面每個眼窩的乳突的排成一列列的眼窩; 鱗片侷限於腋窩的小區塊了; D 17, D 2個 I/8. 雄性有一些縱帶, 改變色彩。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

A short-lived species (less than 2 years) which occurs in small and karstic springs and streams, densely vegetated channels and slow-flowing streams (Ref. 59043); with constant water temperature, on sand or gravel with or without vegetation, also in silty areas, provided that the water remains clear (Ref. 26100). Feeds on small invertebrates. Spawns after first winter (February-July); females may spawn more than once during this season. Males defend the eggs deposited in cavities under stones, plant material or shells. Postlarvae pelagic. This species is threatened by water abstraction, which lowers the water table and habitat destruction caused by desiccation of some springs (Ref. 59043).

典型地出現於穩定的水溫與和緩的水流泉水中的一種生命期短的種, 在沙子或礫石上,有或者沒有植物的地方; 它也可能被發現於被提供水保持清澈的淤泥的區域。 吃無脊椎動物。 受到威脅的由於水資源減少與棲息地破壞.(參考文獻 26100)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Females may spawn more than once during a season (Ref. 59043).歐洲: 義大利東北方, 包括威尼托與東方的波河流域與克羅埃西亞。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Miller, P.J., 1990. The endurance of endemism: the Mediterranean freshwater gobies and their prospects for survival. J. Fish Biol. 37(Suppl.A):145-156. (Ref. 12215)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  近危 (NT) ; Date assessed: 31 January 2006

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





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網路資源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因組, 核甘) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 國家資料庫 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia(, 搜尋) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00418 - 0.01902), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .