Rhinobatos nudidorsalis

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Rhinobatos nudidorsalis Last, Compagno & Nakaya, 2004

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drawing shows typical species in Rhinobatidae.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Élasmobranches (requins et raies) (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) > Rhinobatidae (Guitarfishes)
Etymology: Rhinobatos: Greek, rhinos = nose + Greek, batis, -idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335);  nudidorsalis: Name from Latin 'nudus' meaning bare or naked and 'dorsum' for back, referring to its smooth, denticle-free upper surface.  More on authors: Last, Compagno & Nakaya.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin démersal; profondeur ? - 125 m (Ref. 55722).   Tropical

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Central Indian Ocean: Mascarene Ridge.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.1 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 55722)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

This species is distinguished by the following characters: no thorns on upper surface of the disc, with tail and unpaired fins almost entirely naked; a small, elongate to oval-shaped denticle patch across a naked upper caudal peduncle and upper caudal-fin lobe; a wedge-shaped disc; moderately large orbit, exceeding 4% total length (TL); oblique nostrils, length 1.7 times internarial distance; anterior nasal flaps penetrating well into internarial space, but not almost united; posterior nasal flaps broad; ridges of rostral cartilages well separated dorsally and almost parallel; prebranchial sensory pore patch narrow, extending to first gill slit; postscapular sensory canal long with lateral pores, not grooved, extending almost to pectoral-fin insertions; low dorsal fins; pelvic-fin inner margin distinctly longer than its base; interdorsal distance less than 2.5 times first dorsal-fin base; 2 spiracular folds, outer is much larger than the inner one; caudal fin small with dorsal margin about 1.8 times preventral margin; 172 total vertebral centra; dorsal disc plain colored (Ref. 55722).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Offshore on insular shelves of the Central Indian Ocean, distribution probably restricted (Ref. 114953). Maximum size is actually unknown, presumably a small- to moderate-size species given that the half-meter holotype is sexually mature (Ref. 55722). Biology is unknown, more specimens needed (Ref. 114953).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : McEachran, John | Collaborateurs

Last, P.R., L.J.V. Compagno and K. Nakaya, 2004. Rhinobatos nudidorsalis, a new species of shovelnose ray (Batoidea: Rhinobatidae) from the Mascarene Ridge, central Indian Ocean. Ichthyol. Res. 51:153-158. (Ref. 55722)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Données manquantes (DD) ; Date assessed: 24 April 2018

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00302 (0.00153 - 0.00594), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .