Rhinobatos nudidorsalis

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Rhinobatos nudidorsalis Last, Compagno & Nakaya, 2004

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drawing shows typical species in Rhinobatidae.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (haaien en roggen) (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) > Rhinobatidae (Guitarfishes)
Etymology: Rhinobatos: Greek, rhinos = nose + Greek, batis, -idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335);  nudidorsalis: Name from Latin 'nudus' meaning bare or naked and 'dorsum' for back, referring to its smooth, denticle-free upper surface.  More on authors: Last, Compagno & Nakaya.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien demersaal; diepteverspreiding ? - 125 m (Ref. 55722).   Tropical

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Central Indian Ocean: Mascarene Ridge.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.1 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 55722)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

This species is distinguished by the following characters: no thorns on upper surface of the disc, with tail and unpaired fins almost entirely naked; a small, elongate to oval-shaped denticle patch across a naked upper caudal peduncle and upper caudal-fin lobe; a wedge-shaped disc; moderately large orbit, exceeding 4% total length (TL); oblique nostrils, length 1.7 times internarial distance; anterior nasal flaps penetrating well into internarial space, but not almost united; posterior nasal flaps broad; ridges of rostral cartilages well separated dorsally and almost parallel; prebranchial sensory pore patch narrow, extending to first gill slit; postscapular sensory canal long with lateral pores, not grooved, extending almost to pectoral-fin insertions; low dorsal fins; pelvic-fin inner margin distinctly longer than its base; interdorsal distance less than 2.5 times first dorsal-fin base; 2 spiracular folds, outer is much larger than the inner one; caudal fin small with dorsal margin about 1.8 times preventral margin; 172 total vertebral centra; dorsal disc plain colored (Ref. 55722).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Offshore on insular shelves of the Central Indian Ocean, distribution probably restricted (Ref. 114953). Maximum size is actually unknown, presumably a small- to moderate-size species given that the half-meter holotype is sexually mature (Ref. 55722). Biology is unknown, more specimens needed (Ref. 114953).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : McEachran, John | Medewerkers

Last, P.R., L.J.V. Compagno and K. Nakaya, 2004. Rhinobatos nudidorsalis, a new species of shovelnose ray (Batoidea: Rhinobatidae) from the Mascarene Ridge, central Indian Ocean. Ichthyol. Res. 51:153-158. (Ref. 55722)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Onvoldoende gegevens (DD) ; Date assessed: 24 April 2018

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00302 (0.00153 - 0.00594), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .