Coilia nasus, Japanese grenadier anchovy : fisheries

Coilia nasus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846

Japanese grenadier anchovy
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Coilia nasus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Coilia nasus (Japanese grenadier anchovy)
Coilia nasus
Picture by Islam, Md. S.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) 鯡目 (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) 鯷科 (Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology: Coilia: Greek, koilia, -as = abdomen, hollow (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Temminck & Schlegel.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水; 溯河洄游 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - 50 m (Ref. 189).   亞熱帶的; 42°N - 21°N, 109°E - 134°E (Ref. 189)

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Northwest Pacific: Canton north to Ariake Sound, southwestern Japan, including all of Yellow Sea and off western coasts of Korea. Penetrates over 1000 km up the Yangtze River.
西北太平洋: 廣東北至日本西南方的有明海,包括所有黃海與韓國的外海西海岸。 進入超過 1000個公里上游長江。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 189)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 80. Body tapering, belly rounded before pelvic fins, with 16 to 26 + 25 to 36 = 43 to 61 keeled scutes from isthmus to anus. Maxilla long, reaching to or almost to base of first pectoral fin ray. Pectoral fin with 6 filaments; branched fin rays longer than those of pelvic fin.
身体尖端细的, 腹面圆形的以前腹鳍有 16 到 26+25 到 36=43 到 61个从峡部到肛门的有龙骨的鳞甲。 颚骨长的, 延伸到或几乎到第一个胸鳍鳍条的基底。 胸鳍有 6个丝状突起; 分枝的鳍条长度超过腹鳍的。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs in coastal waters, estuaries and reaching up to middle parts of rivers, apparently able to tolerate freshwater (Ref. 189, 11230). Lives in not really clean water but not really turbid water either (Ref. 12218). Goes to the deep water areas of rivers at night (Ref. 12218). Planktivore (Ref. 12218). Spawns around three times in a lifetime and spawning occurs in between reeds (Ref. 12218). In Ariake Sound, Japan it breeds from May to August, the fishes running about 15 km up the Chikugo River and spawning in freshwater, the spherical eggs floating down and hatching near the river mouth. Its relatively large size makes it a more esteemed food fish than most Coilia. Used in Chinese medicine (Ref. 12166).

出现于沿岸水域, 河口而且向上到河的中央部份, 显然地能容忍淡水.(参考文献 189,11230) 生活在不真的乾净水但不是也的真浑浊的水。 (参考文献 12218) 去河的到深水域区域在晚上。 (参考文献 12218) 浮游生物嗜食者.(参考文献 12218) 产卵在附近三倍于一生中而且产卵在芦苇之间.(参考文献 12218) 在日本的 Ariake Sound ,它繁殖从五月到八月, 游动大约 15 公里的此鱼到达 Chikugo 河而且在淡水产卵, 圆球状的卵漂浮下来而且在河嘴的附近孵化。 它的相当大大小使它成为赞赏食用鱼的更多胜于大多数的 Coilia 。 被用于中药材了。 (参考文献 12166)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Spawn in school (Ref. 205).西北太平洋: 廣東北至日本西南方的有明海,包括所有黃海與韓國的外海西海岸。 進入超過 1000個公里上游長江。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  濒危 (EN) (A2bd); Date assessed: 01 March 2017

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 12.3 - 25.2, mean 17.5 (based on 218 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00372 (0.00228 - 0.00605), b=2.93 (2.79 - 3.07), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 3.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.35; tmax=5).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.